Wintering roses: preparing for the cold weather according to all the rules

The garden froze, the trees dropped their leaves and prepared for winter sleep. Let them sleep — the cold is just around the corner, and we have one more very important thing left — the autumn preparation of roses for winter. Now the queen of flowers really needs help so that the bushes do not freeze, do not rot and die from fungal diseases that we did not treat in time.

1 step to preparing roses for winter — removing leaves

Before sending roses to be treated for diseases, all leaves must be removed from the bushes. It is on them that pathogens of various diseases winter, from which our queens of the garden suffered during the season, and if they are not removed, there is a risk that everything will happen again in the spring. Of course, this is not the easiest and most pleasant procedure, because the thorns scratch the hands, and the leaves hold on quite tightly. But still try to free all the bushes from dry foliage — roses will thank you.

Step 2 — how to treat roses from diseases and pests

The second task before wintering is to treat roses from pests and diseases. After you clean the bushes, use copper-containing sprays to get rid of disease-causing spores. The most affordable processing agent is Bordeaux mixture. Dilute the drug in accordance with the instructions and spray the bushes abundantly. For spraying, choose dry, sunny, calm days so that the mixture is not washed away by rain or blown away by strong winds.

Step 3 — mulching and hilling

Wintering roses in the open field is unthinkable without hilling the base of the bush. It is the soil that was raked around the plant with a mound that helps the graft not to freeze and protects the rose from frost if there are snowless winters.

Of course, if you have a large rose garden, then filling all the roses with mulch or soil will be quite problematic. In this case, it is most reasonable to choose the most delicate and problematic varieties that you really appreciate for flowering and beauty, and spud them. And the rest of the plants can simply be covered without creating an earthen pillow.

Step 4 — Pruning Roses and Preparing Them for Winter

Roses do not need cardinal pruning before wintering. It is enough to remove faded buds and cut off young, reddish, unripe shoots. We will form and cut bushes in the spring, when the results of wintering will be fully visible. Now in the fall, we simply clean the bushes from excess unripened branches that will definitely not endure the winter cold.

Step 5 — what to do before hiding

You need to take care of shelter if you have little snowy winters and the snow cover, which serves as the best insulating material, is very small or absent at all.

Preparing climbing roses for winter consists in removing the lashes from the supports and carefully laying them on the ground or on a wooden shield. The shield is used on soils where there is a risk of wetting due to accumulated moisture. An adult rose must be pressed to the ground with something, because it will try to take its original shape.

Pieces of slate and boards can be used as cargo, which will press the whips to the ground with their weight. When preparing climbing roses in autumn for winter, press them carefully so as not to break the bush at the base, this is where the most fragile wood is.

Hybrid tea, English roses and floribunda roses do not need to be crouched. Usually, the height of the arches with covering material is enough to put protection over them. But if you have grown too tall and powerful bushes, then you can also put a clamping load on them.

Step 6 — wintering roses and building shelters

Caring for roses and preparing them for winter ends with shelter for the winter. This is the last task to complete in the rose garden this season.

Most often, shelters are built on arcs. A thick non-woven material is stretched over the installed structure. As a frame, you can use structures of your own manufacture — made of wood or metal, which will serve for many years.

You need to start covering roses when the temperature drops to -7-10 degrees. This is the most favorable period, when there were no big frosts yet, and thaws are no longer expected.

Ideally, snow should fall on top of the shelter, which will create an additional layer of shelter and under such a “fur coat” the bushes will not freeze. But even if it does not exist, then the covering material will save the plants from winter frosts and burns of the merciless sun, which can be especially cruel in winter and early spring.

After the shelter has been built, the care of roses and their preparation for winter are completed. May the queens sleep until spring and wake up healthy, strong and energized for a new bloom.


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