Why roses are best planted in autumn
Garden rose bushes can be planted outdoors in spring and autumn, but planting in autumn gives the best results and has its own subtleties and nuances. In this article, we will talk about the intricacies of planting roses in the fall and how to do everything according to the rules so that the queen of flowers is guaranteed to take root.
It is very important to choose the right time for transplanting and planting roses. It is not recommended to delay this process too much, because the plants must have time to take root in a new place.
The timing of the autumn planting of roses depends on the weather forecast. Of course, weather forecasters are often wrong, but it’s worth listening to the reports.
Important! It is not recommended to appoint a landing on a rainy windy day, as well as immediately after heavy rains.
If you transplant roses too early, the plants will begin to produce new buds, spending energy on growing shoots, which will significantly weaken the plants before the winter period.
Optimal timing for transplanting roses:
Approximate transfer times
Central part of Russia
From mid September
From the first decade of October
Ural and Siberia
From the first decade of September (subject to weather conditions)
From mid-September at outside air temperature in the range from +5 to +10C
Important! You should not start transplanting roses until the temperature drops to + 10C.
The ideal temperature for rooting rose bushes varies from + 10C to + 15C, while at the same time it is worth making sure that the night temperature does not fall below + 5C. Under this temperature regime, the plants intensively grow roots, and the buds remain dormant.
Planting roses in autumn is the right decision
In autumn, all the favorable aspects for transplanting and planting garden roses are obvious — the optimum temperature, humidity level, and a low degree of florist employment are ideally matched. Before frost, plants are thoroughly strengthened in a new place, growing a powerful root system, which allows you not to worry about the safety of plants in the winter cold.
Features of the autumn planting of roses
We figured out the timing and ambient temperature, but there are a number of features of the autumn planting (transplantation) of roses.
The choice of location must meet the requirements for growing this garden perennial. Roses love the sun, so the site for planting them should be selected taking into account the intensity of sunlight.
Important! The place where roses should be planted should be illuminated by the sun for at least 5-6 hours a day, while direct sunlight should be avoided during intense insolation (from 12 pm to 3 pm). It is worth choosing areas in the garden for planting roses, oriented to the east and west.
Do not place a rose garden under tall trees that will greatly shade the plants. Roses do not tolerate close proximity to tall buildings, it is recommended to install supports for climbing roses at a distance of at least 30 cm from the walls of buildings, spray roses are planted at a distance of at least 50 cm.
Important! Do not place roses near outdoor drains, precipitation should not be discharged into rose garden beds.
Roses are harmed by a draft, so flower beds are not broken in a ventilated area.
Of particular importance for the normal growth and flowering of roses is the soil, which should have an acidity in the range of pH 5.5-6.5. Neutral soil can be slightly acidified by adding peat, humus from pine needles.
The soil must have the following properties:
- Good drainage capacity — irrigation water should be quickly and easily absorbed into the soil.
- Chernozems and loams are considered optimal for planting roses. Sandy soil has few nutrients, and heavy clay soil is difficult to grow roots.
- Fertility — the soil in the rose garden should not only be light and drained, but also fertile.
Autumn planting roses: six right steps
Preparing seedlings for planting
Inspect the root system of plants, if necessary, shorten it to 30 cm, removing all rotten and damaged roots. Seedlings with an open root system are soaked in water or biological products a day before planting, immersing the root system in a container with a solution.
Examine the vaccination site, remove all sleeping kidneys that are located below the vaccination.
After soaking, the roots of roses are lowered into a clay mash (clay + mullein in a ratio of 2: 1).
Planting hole preparation
Planting holes may vary in size — it all depends on the size of the seedlings. Usually, for planting roses, it is enough to dig holes 40×40 cm in size, from 40 to 50 cm deep.
The distance between individual bushes is maintained at 50-60 cm.
At the bottom of the landing pit, a drainage layer of expanded clay, large clay shards, and sand should be laid.
Application of starter fertilizers
When planting roses in the autumn, you can use a special fertilizer complex or add humus and ash to the well.
Shrub roses are buried in the ground 5 cm below the graft, climbing roses — 10 cm.
The roots are carefully straightened in the pit, after pouring fertile soil to the bottom in the form of a mound, after which they compress the soil around the roots and fill the voids with fertile soil.
After planting, the bushes are watered abundantly.
To preserve moisture in the soil, planting roses is mulched with dry peat or other materials.
With the onset of stable cold weather (at temperatures from -5C to -10C), you should start building a shelter from frost. Roses are covered both individually and in several pieces, for which a wooden box is erected, but this is a topic for a separate article, which we will prepare for you when the cold weather comes.