When and how to prune trees and shrubs
Pruning garden plants is aerobatics, illiterate actions can lead not only to a weakening of the fruiting of trees and shrubs, but also to their protracted illness or death. At different times of the year, plants are pruned for a specific purpose, everything is important here — the technology for performing work (methods of pruning trees), the use of a certain tool, the correct treatment of wound surfaces. And also — cleaning up the garbage left after pruning is an important and significant thing, but first things first.
Garden routine: pruning trees
To begin with, it should be noted that horticultural crops need pruning for several reasons:
What garden crops need pruning
Many horticultural crops need pruning at least once a year, but some green pets need extra attention and crown treatment 3 to 5 times per season. It is worth planning this procedure depending on which plants are planted in the garden plot. This procedure is recommended for the following crops:
Pruning of fruit trees is especially important when the crown skeleton is formed in the seedlings. Garden figurative trees and shrubs are carefully and systematically cut — topiaries are used to decorate the landscape and create hedges or high borders.
When is the best time to prune trees and shrubs?
The timing of pruning trees depends on its purpose, I would like to note that this operation can be performed in spring, autumn or summer. Sometimes it is necessary to cut broken branches in winter, when excessive snow caps cause breaking off weak shoots.
Attention! The most inopportune time for pruning shoots of ornamental and fruit plants is from late summer to early autumn. At this time, the life cycle of plants slows down, rebuilds for a period of long winter dormancy, so it is better not to start pruning that stimulates growth processes.
There are three main types of pruning of garden plants, which are performed at different times:
Tools are everything
When choosing tools for pruning a garden, it is worth remembering that the blades must be sharp. Do not injure the living tissue of plants!
So, most often gardeners use to work in the garden:
General requirements for tools for pruning trees and shrubs: blade sharpness; safe operation; handle comfort; light weight; bright color of the handle; tapered blade edges.
Important! Sharp tool blades are 50% of successful pruning. Never mutilate live plant branches with a dull knife or pruner. It is worth taking care of a suitable set of garden tools in advance. Pruning leaves wounds: how to help a tree
When pruning garden trees on living tissue, as well as in the treatment of bark cracks after mechanical damage or frost cracks, the wood receives significant wound surfaces through which pathogenic bacteria, viruses or fungi can penetrate into plants. To prevent this from happening, the sections are treated with special means, the most tested and popular among which is garden var. You can also use a clay talker with the addition of fungicides, oil paint based on drying oil.
Manufacturers have come to the aid of gardeners, now in garden centers you can buy modern tools that help trees heal wounds quickly. These are the natural Zhivica preparation, Robin Green bio-balm, RanNet preparation and others. The use of ready-made products reduces the healing time of wounds, and also saves time for other work.
Important! Do not cover the wounds on the branches immediately after sawing, the surface should not be wet!
The procedure is carried out no earlier than 2-3 days after pruning trees or shrubs. Pre-treat the tree trunk in the places where the branches were cut with fungicides, dry it, only after that you can start covering the wounds.
Finally, I would like to recall the rules for the compatibility of trees and shrubs. After all, almost every novice gardener once faces a similar question. Experienced gardeners know that trees of different species get along differently with each other. Some are very selfish and do not like the neighborhood of any trees, while others, on the contrary, get along well or even positively influence each other. So let’s find out which fruit trees can be planted nearby and which cannot.