What to plant in the garden in May
May is wonderful. Everything that will be planted and sown this month will definitely yield a harvest. The sun is already enough for everything to grow very quickly, and we can water it ourselves. There is no more scorching summer heat. Grace. The land has already been dug up, fertilizers have been applied, you can start sowing and planting. One of the most useful advisers will be the lunar calendar for May for seedlings. He will tell you when to plant the tops, and when the roots. And most importantly, pay attention to the days when nothing can be planted and sowed. So, let’s take a look at the points that can be sown in the garden in May and pay attention to the most important nuances.
What to plant in May in the beds: vegetables
There are many weekends ahead, what to plant in the garden for the May holidays, and what can be done later? Let’s go in order:
- Cabbage. We plant it at the beginning of the month. Small frosts will not harm, and even a plastic bottle without a bottom can become weather protection. We unscrew the lid — it is ventilated, we twist it — a mini-greenhouse. This applies to seedlings, it can be transferred to a permanent place for the whole month, and the seeds are sown to a depth of 1.5-2 cm, 5-6 pieces per hole. Later we will leave the best plants, the rest will be sent to the compost heap. This is the key to a rich harvest. We sow early ripening at any time, it is advisable to sow late-ripening cabbage in May before the 10th.
- Spicy herbs, herbs. To get excellent leaves, and even very fragrant, be sure to look at the lunar calendar. On the most favorable days for planting in May, we sow. Be sure to observe the distance between plants. If there are a lot of seeds, it is easier to sow them thicker, and then thin out. So you can choose the best bushes, and dispose of the weak and flawed ones or crumble them into a salad while still very young. Lettuce, parsley, dill, cilantro and many more herbs grow well even at low temperatures, and there are a lot of vitamins in them, which means that the benefits to the body are enormous.
We managed with the «tops», but what else asks for open ground or for temporary shelter?
What to plant in May: root crops
If you do not have time to plant in April, we start in May. All root crops will have time to grow, there is enough time.
- Carrot. It, like all cultures, is divided according to the ripening time into early ripening, late ripening and mid-ripening. Varieties with a short growing season can be harvested in the summer, these are ideal beam products. It can be sown in two stages, at the beginning and end of the month. We sow the remaining varieties until the 15th. With good care in the fall, the roots will be large and very juicy. Later sowing already reduces the yield. We use a manual seeder or mix the seeds with sand. So it will be easier to make the seedlings uniform.
- Turnip, beets, radishes. These crops are subject to the general sowing rules. The depth of the groove is 2 cm, the distance between the seeds is 2-3 cm. This is enough for each plant to receive a full «menu», if the seedlings are too thick, you need to thin out. We sow turnips and radishes until the 10-15th day, beets all month, its harvest depends more on top dressing, watering and care than on the time of sowing.
- Onion, spring garlic. We can not only plant onions (sevok), but also sow. Annual varieties grow large bulbs by September, and biennial varieties manage to form the same set, if you do not thicken the crops, it will be even in size. The main condition for this culture is to keep the beds clean. We mulch all the gaps between plants, which means we get rid of weeds and retain moisture. We grow garlic only from heads of the last year. We do not take the smallest slices, the crop grown from them will be scanty. But of those that weigh about 2 grams, we get large poured heads. Garlic and onions love fertile soil rich in organic matter, but they do not tolerate fresh manure at all. It causes diseases that can lead to the death of plants, and such a crop will not be stored.
If we grow exotic root crops from warm countries, we plant them at the beginning of the month under a film shelter.
Tomato seedlings in May
Tomatoes are in every garden, everyone has their own growing secrets. We sow immediately into the ground under cover super-early varieties, such as early Siberian, Nepas 8, Yamal. In the catalog of our online store, they are collected in a separate category «non-stepping tomatoes». All the rest have long been growing in seedlings, pots or cassettes, we process them with Epin a couple of days before transplanting. We plant them in the second half of May, when the threat of frost becomes minimal. Do not forget to put arcs or pegs to cover the bushes in case of a drop in air temperature. It is good if it is possible to cover the plants with agrofiber for the period of adaptation. Abundant watering after planting makes it possible to get rid of air cavities in the soil, tomatoes take root faster. Peppers and eggplants are planted simultaneously with tomatoes according to the same rules.
Cucumbers for seedlings in May
The peculiarity of cucumbers is that they do not tolerate root damage. An ideal container for growing seedlings would be plastic or peat pots. Each plant has a separate container. To get an extra early harvest, cucumbers for seedlings had to be sown in April, but even now it is not too late. If we have time in the first week of May, then by the end of the month we will have beautiful seedlings that can be planted in the ground without shelter, and in early June we will be able to pick the first greens.
Watermelons, melons, pumpkins, zucchini and others are easier to grow crops in open ground. When transplanted, the plants freeze for a while, growth stops. Therefore, after May 15, we soak the seeds, let them hatch, then plant them immediately in a permanent place. Seedlings will appear in about a week, by which time there is no need to wait for frost.
Potatoes: planting features
Any variety of potato grows well after vernalization. If the tubers are still in the cellar, we warm them up for at least a week. During this time, the rudiments of sprouts will appear on the active ones, and planting material with a low growth potential will remain “sleeping”. We sort, sort, process against pests and diseases. Prestigitator is well suited for these purposes. It inhibits the growth of fungi and protects against the Colorado potato beetle. We plant late-ripening varieties at the beginning of the month, early-ripening and mid-ripening at any time. It is important to remember that potatoes do not like bringing fresh manure and ash into the soil for digging. For this crop, peat, good humus, compost, and mineral complexes can be used as fertilizers. If the soil is too dry, water immediately after planting.