There is no person who does not like cherries, only everyone has their own preferences. Some people want very sweet berries, others prefer sour ones, while others prefer super-juicy ones for making homemade drinks and wines. So which cherry to plant so that you definitely like its berries, and the harvest is excellent. We all want to have enough fresh berries to eat, to wind jars, to freeze. This is quite possible, the main thing is to choose the right cherry varieties. Let’s figure out what varieties are, what exactly to look for when choosing a variety.

What types of cherries can be planted

Cherry, like many garden crops, is divided not only into varieties, but also into species. Some of them we don’t even know exist. Often the effectiveness of their cultivation depends on the combination of varieties on the site. Cross-pollination allows you to get a big harvest, and the berries become sweeter.

  • Common cherry is the most common and familiar species, which includes many varieties. The height of a tree or shrub can reach 10 meters. It is an unpretentious plant that produces sweet and sour berries, the size and color of which depends on the variety.
  • Felt cherry is a well-known shrub that can be equally successfully used for decorative purposes and as a fruit plant. The berries are very tasty, they make a great jelly. A huge plus of this species is the ability to grow in areas with a close occurrence of groundwater. Unfortunately, the bushes do not live for more than 10 years, or after this period the yield is significantly reduced.
  • Shrub or steppe cherries are an excellent option for areas with a cold climate. Some varieties can withstand frosts down to -50 degrees. The color of the berries is different, from yellow to maroon, almost black. This variety includes some ornamental varieties.
  • Dwarf or sand cherry is an incredibly hardy species that can grow without watering even in dry places. Differs in high winter hardiness, well strengthens the soil prone to erosion. Often used in parks and landscaping as an ornamental plant in hedges. The berries are almost black with a tart taste. Skillful housewives cook delicious jam from them, wiping them from the bitter peel.
  • The famous Vladimir cherry is singled out as a separate type of hill. This is a tree with a beautiful crown and a high yield. Kuril ornamental cherry is distinguished by abundant pink flowering, similar to sakura, bird cherry is known to everyone as sweet cherry. There are not only fruit, but also decorative varieties.

    Cherry varieties that are right for you

    Cherry varieties can be divided into several groups according to certain characteristics. The most important criteria will be those that we have no control over. Winters will never get warmer, and groundwater always returns to the same level. It is these indicators that will be decisive. Let’s see what we can plant.

  • Champions in frost resistance are able to withstand frosts down to -40 degrees and a short drop in temperature to -50! They will be able to settle in any climate. Usually it is they who rarely get sick, are prone to a friendly return of the crop. The best in their group are the Nord Star cherry, Nurse cherry (Duke), Rapture columnar cherry, Hope (Duke) cherry.
  • The close occurrence of groundwater makes it impossible to plant many varieties, but some especially hardy ones grow well in such areas. When in doubt, plant them on mounds at least 40 cm high. Felt cherries, Ural Ruby, columnar varieties are an excellent choice. Their root system is located close to the surface.
  • For a small area, columnar varieties, trees and shrubs with a small crown are ideal. The best ones today are Nord Star cherries, felt cherries, columnar cherries Curly, Shokoladnitsa, Erdi Butermo, Dessert.
  • Another important indicator of flowering time. It is necessary to select varieties so that pollinating varieties bloom at the same time, they are usually indicated in the description of the variety or they can be found in our support service. Which variety of cherry to choose is up to you, but be sure to consider the main properties of each variety.

    How to plant cherries

    The main rule for planting cherries is to choose a bright area where the shadow from trees and buildings does not fall. For most varieties, the level of groundwater occurrence is considered to be closer than 1.5-2 meters. In other areas, you can grow any variety.

    Chernozem areas with neutral soil are well suited for planting. On acidic soil, the plant loses winter hardiness, grows poorly. Therefore, at least 3 times per season, apply ash under the bushes at the rate of 250-500 grams per square meter of the circumferential circle, depending on the degree of acidity. Find out what kind of soil on your site will help indicator strips purchased at a garden store.

    In a planting hole 60 * 60 cm in size and 50 cm deep, apply lowland peat and horse humus as an organic fertilizer, they do not acidify the soil. One plant needs 1-3 buckets, depending on the type of soil. On rich fertile soil, a minimum of organic matter is required, on sandy loam and heavy clay soils, a maximum. For proper nutrition of seedlings, add 1 tablespoon of superphosphate to each well.

    After planting, water the bush well and mulch the surface with sawdust of deciduous crops, except for oak, or chopped straw. Monitor soil moisture constantly, especially during flowering and berry growth. With a lack of moisture, the fruits become small, sour, part of the ovary falls off.

    Top dressing cherries

    If optimal conditions are created during planting, the first three years of feeding can be abandoned. In the fourth year, start feeding cherries in early spring with nitrogen fertilizers, complex during flowering, and potash in August. Feeding 1 time in 2 years is enough.

    cherry pruning

    Sanitary and shaping pruning is carried out annually. Remove branches older than 8 years, leaving 2-3 good shoots for rejuvenation. In total, there should be 10-12 branches of different ages per plant. This scheme is acceptable only for tree varieties. Remove lateral shoots from columnar ones, the shrub must be thinned out. Root growth of modern varieties does not create serious problems, but it must be removed as it appears.

    Well, for those who are truly interested in gardening — our regular column «Orchard». In this section, we publish useful information about the agricultural technology of fruit crops, talk about effective methods of tree care, pruning and pest control. Let us help you make your garden more productive!


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