We grow asters — all the subtleties of sowing

I don’t know about you, but for me this flower is a symbol of the new school year. A bouquet of multi-colored shaggy asters smelled of summer wind, sun and a little dust, the students proudly carried flowers to school, every year the asters ball began with a school bell. Later, I myself began to grow asters in the flower beds, and I assure you — this is a very grateful flower. 

Why choose asters

I can responsibly advise a budding florist and an ace experienced — grow asters. This unpretentious flower will decorate garden beds, flower beds, serve as an excellent border when grown along the edge of a flower garden, create bright islands on a green lawn. 

Plants begin flowering in the second half of summer, in the flower beds at this time there is already a certain lack of colors, because the early annuals and biennials have already faded. 

Astra can be planted with seeds in the ground, grown through seedlings, but the simplest thing is to plant seeds before winter. But first things first. 

How to grow asters

Among the huge variety of asters, there are perennial and annual species, so the methods of breeding this culture are different. Absolutely all species of asters can be grown from seeds, perennial varieties are propagated by dividing the bush. We will talk about the methods of growing a crop a little later, but first you need to figure out how to choose and prepare a site for planting correctly. 

Site selection

For growing asters, you need to choose the highest and brightest area. The high level of groundwater in the area should be lowered or another place should be chosen for planting plants. With excessive soil moisture on asters, fungal diseases quickly begin to develop. 

Light sandy and loamy soils with a pH of 6.5 to 8 are suitable for growing asters. Before planting plants, it is worth cultivating the site. Usually preparatory work begins in the fall. 

  • The site is dug up to a depth of 22 to 30 cm. 
  • For 1 m2 when digging, from 2 to 4 kg of decomposed compost, superphosphate and potassium sulfate, 9 g each, are added. 
  • In areas with acidic soil, liming is carried out at the rate of 300-400 g of lime per 1 m2. 
  • Important! It is strongly not recommended to bring fresh manure under asters. 

    In early spring, deep loosening of the soil is carried out to a depth of about 16-18 cm. 

    Sowing seeds in open ground in spring

    Asters should be sown in flower beds after the end of a series of return frosts, usually stable heat comes from the second decade of May. 

    If weeds managed to germinate on the prepared flower beds, they must be weeded out before sowing, at the same time shallow loosening of the soil is carried out. 

    Seeds are sown in prepared furrows to a depth of 0.5-0.6 cm. The bottom of each furrow can be shed with a light pink solution of potassium permanganate, and the seeds can be covered with dry soil. After the appearance of 2-3 true leaves, seedlings of asters are thinned out. The distance between individual bushes should be maintained from 15 to 25 cm, depending on the variety of asters. 

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    Such plants bloom a little later, but they adapt better to climatic conditions, remain decorative longer and get sick less. 

    Podzimny sowing of asters

    For those flower growers who do not want to mess with seedlings and do not have time in the spring to plant flowers in open ground, sowing asters in the fall may be the way out. With this planting, more seeds are consumed, but the plants are hardened and strong. 

    Sowing is carried out from September to October, the choice of dates depends on the forecasts of meteorologists. If the autumn is warm, then the planting dates can be shifted to the end of September; in the south, asters are planted until mid-October. 

    The site is dug up in advance, fertilizers are applied, but one should refrain from applying manure and fresh humus. 

    The best predecessors for asters are perennial grasses, and flowers also develop well on rested soil (steam). Asters can be grown in one place for 6 years, but usually the site is changed after 3-4 years. 

    Seeds are sown in prepared soil, snow can be thrown in in winter, in especially severe frosts they cover the area with crops with protective films. 

    Sometimes amateurs practice sowing asters in the ground in winter (December-January), warm days without precipitation are suitable for this. Seedlings will germinate in April-May. 

    In spring, seedlings of asters dive, leaving a distance between bushes of up to 25 cm. 

    How to sow asters for seedlings at home

    The most favorite way to grow asters is through seedlings. Seeds can be pre-etched in potassium permanganate or Fitosporin — this treatment will reduce the risk of developing fungal diseases. If you soak the seeds of asters for 7 hours in a solution of zinc chloride or molybdenum (0.5-0.8 g per 1 liter of water), you can get more bushy and powerful bushes.

    Asters are planted for seedlings in the first half of March, usually shallow boxes are used for sowing. Seeds are laid out in furrows, boxes are covered with polyethylene or glass. After the emergence of seedlings, the shelter is removed. 

    Germination of asters seeds is carried out in a bright and warm place. When 2-3 true leaves appear, the plants dive into a separate container. After picking, seedlings must be hardened off. 

    The seedling method of growing asters is practiced to obtain an early cut. 

    Asters are unpretentious and very beautiful flowers, it is easy and pleasant to grow them. Success is guaranteed if you do not water them too often and do not fertilize them with manure. Lush asters can be grown commercially — bouquet flowers are always in demand. 

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