A corner with aromatic herbs on a personal plot is not just elegant beds or flower beds with fragrant flowers. It has its own pharmacy at hand, and therapeutic aromatherapy, and a wonderful place for rest and relaxation. A large number of crops, including winter-hardy ones, allows you to create a variety of compositions. They can be both small and quite impressive.
Herb Garden Design Types
You can arrange a fragrant garden in different ways. It all depends on the preferences of the owner: a rock garden, an elegant flower bed, an original Japanese-style rockery, a stylistic composition with a decorative wooden wheel. Some people like monosad — a combination of many plants of the same species, differing in color and shape of flowers. Someone prefers completely different cultures, skillfully selected according to the color scheme — in tone or, conversely, in contrast. With the help of garden shears, you can give fragrant plants the desired shape. Even on a stone-paved plot, you can create a spectacular garden with potted crops.
Suitable Perennials for the Aroma Garden
First of all, let’s pay attention to cold-resistant perennials that are not afraid of harsh (sometimes) winters in the middle zone.
Many call it lemon mint for its pronounced yellow citrus aroma. Dried leaves and stems preserve it perfectly, which allows them to be used for making tea and confectionery. For several years it grows in one place, then it needs rejuvenation. A densely leafy fragrant plant capable of reaching a meter height, blooms almost all summer. For blanks, cut off the upper part of the bush, doing this before flowering. If a harsh winter is ahead, the culture is covered with spruce branches.
In the common people — garden bergamot. The culture has earned its name for its bright, wondrous aroma. This valuable plant is ornamental, spicy-flavoring, essential oil and medicinal. Flowers can have different colors — lilac, raspberry, pink, purple and white. They make magnificent bouquets, especially since they are dried flowers. Sizes, depending on the species, range from 0.35 to 0.8 m. They develop equally well in bright sun and in a little shade.
Another original name is thyme, and the people call the herb Bogorodskaya. It has an exquisite aroma — dry and bitter. The abundance of minerals and oils made the plant one of the most popular medicinal plants. The leaves are used as a spice — in cooking, alcoholic beverage and food industries. Tea with thyme is considered healing. Certain types of thyme are actively used in perfumery. The light-loving culture will grow from 20 to 40 cm. Small azure flowers adorn the fragrant plant from spring to late summer.
A tall herbaceous plant is distinguished by a strong smell of anise, although outwardly it resembles ordinary garden dill. But the smell of fennel is more spicy, similar to the aroma of tarragon, and the taste is sweetish. A fragrant healing tea is made from the seeds, the leaves of the plant are widely used in cooking — they are added to salads, first and second courses. The roots, grass, and especially the seeds of the crop contain a lot of fatty acids, vitamins and trace elements. In folk medicine, seeds are most often used.
A spicy-tasting and medicinal plant, it forms a powerful tall bush, densely pubescent with beautiful light green leaves. They are large, pinnately dissected, have a distinct spicy taste. Thanks to this, the plant has found wide application in cooking. It smells like celery in its smell. The high content of essential oils and biologically active substances provide the culture with a high medicinal value.
There are many varieties of this crop — peppermint, cat, field, lemon, apple, menthol, etc. Most often in our gardens, peppermint is found, which has the most pronounced healing properties. The plant is a sturdy tall shrub with many dark serrated leaves. The menthol variety has a specific taste of menthol. The particular variegated form of the fragrant plant is highly valued by landscape designers, but it only maintains its decorative effect in a well-lit, sunny location. The rest of the species are able to grow well in the shade.
The European name for a useful fragrant herb is Oregano. It is a beautifully flowering ornamental bush with a wonderful aroma that becomes more pronounced in full sun. The culture, 0.6 m high, is covered with delicate purple-lilac flowers collected in paniculate inflorescences. Grows equally well in sunlit and shaded areas. Used as a medicinal plant and in cooking.
Or — blue St. John’s wort. Compact shrub, not exceeding half a meter. Valuable medicinal plant and popular spicy seasoning. During the summer season, it blooms twice with spike-shaped inflorescences of a beautiful blue-lilac color. Hyssop leaves have a bitter taste, slightly reminiscent of mint. The aroma is sweetish-spicy, with a subtle hint of camphor.
Spicy annuals and container crops
Any aromatic garden of perennials is successfully complemented by annual basil. Thanks to the variety of varieties with fantastic coloring, you can emphasize and beautifully beat any flower arrangement.
In addition to the fragrant plants mentioned above, landowners often decorate their property with plants in pots and containers. These are the crops that are afraid of the winter cold — lavender, rosemary, sage and some others. In the summer they can beautifully decorate the site, and with the advent of autumn they can be returned to a warm room again.
A small evergreen bush that loves the sun and regular watering. During flowering, it seems to be enveloped in a fragrant lilac cloud. Delicate purple flowers exude an incredibly pleasant smell, thick and tart. It is a valuable essential oil plant.
Narrow needle-shaped leaves of an evergreen shrub have a sweetish coniferous aroma and a sharp spicy taste. Used in cooking: fresh and dried. The essential oil of the plant is used in the perfumery and cosmetics industry, young shoots and flowers are used in baking and alcoholic beverage production.
Features of growing herbs
Planting of aromatic plants is carried out according to traditional rules, well known to gardeners:
- When making a separate corner, low-growing plants are sown in the foreground, while tall flowers and herbs are placed behind.
- In the center of the flower bed are tall crops (monardu, lovage, fennel), around which are medium-sized plants, and closer to the edges — dwarf ones.
- Creeping thyme will be a great decoration for dry streams, rockeries and hills. It makes beautiful borders that border the paths.
- All crops require well-drained soils. Most of them love windless sunny places. Species and varieties of plants can be grouped depending on their exactingness to these indicators.