Seedlings are pulled out what to do
When the seedlings are pulled out, there is no hope for a good harvest or excellent flowering. Weak plants cannot develop normally, may later break or lie on the ground. The reasons can be different, before taking action, you need to figure out what exactly caused the problem, otherwise you can only harm the plants.
Why seedlings are stretched — possible reasons
The reasons most often lie in the violation of agricultural technology. There is an opinion that only a lack of light can make the seedlings grow rapidly upwards, forming a thin stem, long internodes and poorly developed leaves. In fact, there are many reasons. Let’s figure out what plants react like this:
Too dense sowing — if the plants are close, they begin to compete. Each seedling begins to make its way to the sun to get everything it needs. The root system also grows abnormally, it is very difficult to plant such plants in open ground, they do not take root well. The reason is damaged roots. This problem is possible when growing in seedlings.
Excessively early sowing — as a result of a lack of light. Waiting too long to move into the open ground or into the greenhouse forces the plants to look for suitable conditions for themselves. The response is rapid growth and underdevelopment of the stem. Such seedlings are more viable, but also suffer during transplantation. She needs a garter to support. In addition, by the time of transplantation, flowers are already formed, often even an ovary, which complicates rooting.
Excess water and fertilizer — creates conditions for active growth in conditions of limited soil volume. Seedlings grow tall, with a soft juicy stem. She is very difficult to work with. Fragile stems and leaves do not withstand transplantation, often break. Seedlings are high, green, but very low quality.
Too high air temperature — often causes the plants to stretch up, become thin. Most often, seedlings that are located in a room where it is very warm even at night suffer from this. The daily cyclicity of temperatures is broken, as a result, abnormal growth is observed. Before transplanting, plants require a long hardening, otherwise they experience a temperature shock.
Lack of light is the most common reason. It is possible when sowing in February and earlier. when daylight is too short, with unsuccessful placement of trays on the western windowsill. Each seedling stretches out in search of the sun — this is a natural mechanism that helps all cultivated and wild plants survive in adverse conditions. This is the weakest seedling that can break under its own weight. If measures are not taken in time, all seedlings will die.
What to do so that the seedlings do not stretch
To save seedlings eliminate the cause. It is important not to repeat the situation that led to the excessive growth of seedlings.
A phytolamp is installed — this is the best option when sowing in February and in the case when there is not enough space on the windowsills. Be sure to observe the lighting regime. At least 6 hours a day, you need to turn off the backlight to simulate the natural cycle of day and night. In the spring months, it is enough to rearrange the seedlings on the southern windowsill.
Seedlings that are constantly in a warm room are moved to a cooler place. It can be a window sill or a loggia, where at night the temperature drops to at least +20 degrees, preferably up to 15-18. This will restrain growth, the seedlings will become stronger.
If the sowing is too dense, transplanting into separate containers or into seedling boxes is required. The competition will stop, each plant will receive enough light, water and nutrients. Growth will slow down, the stems will become stronger.
Excessive watering and fertilization is difficult to correct. Restriction of watering slightly slows down growth, a large amount of nutrients makes it possible to grow quickly in conditions of moderate watering. In severe cases, when fertilization is carried out in violation of all the rules, it is better to transplant plants into less nutritious soil. In simpler cases, it is enough to stop feeding and reduce the amount of water when watering.
What drugs can be used and how
There are many drugs that can limit growth, make seedlings strong and healthy. Their use will be a lifesaver. The main differences between the most popular tools:
Athlete is a very convenient preparation for watering under the root of cabbage once. The ampoule is designed for 1 liter of water. For complete restoration of seedlings of peppers, eggplants and tomatoes, three applications of irrigation on the leaf with an interval of one week are required. Watering with plain water after using Atlant is possible only after two days.
Reggae is a very effective remedy for vegetables, ornamental crops and strawberries. Stimulates the growth of the root system, significantly increases the absorption of nutrients from the soil, inhibits the growth of green mass. The working solution is used for root irrigation and leaf irrigation.
Krepen is a preparation for limiting the growth of vegetable crops. It does not allow seedlings of cabbage, tomatoes, peppers and eggplants to stretch. It is applied similarly to the Athlete. The result is noticeable after 3-5 days. Within 10 days, the seedlings noticeably change.
What else do you need to know
An important condition for good seedling growth is a sufficient amount of potassium in the soil. This is the main building material of the green cell. With its lack, the seedlings will remain weak. As top dressing, fertilizers with microelements in chelate form are chosen. Often use an infusion of wood ash at the rate of 1 tablespoon per liter of water. This is a simple top dressing that can strengthen seedlings and get rid of some pathogens and pests.
For seedlings, be sure to choose a high-quality soil mixture. You can buy it at a garden store or make your own. A recipe is considered universal, in which garden soil is mixed with peat, compost and sand in a ratio of 2 * 1 * 1 * 1. There is no need to apply mineral fertilizers. For young plants enough nutrients. Top dressing begins only at the stage of two true leaves in conditions of limited containers, repeated no more than 1 time in 2 weeks.