Roses for the winter: autumn care, pruning, shelter
Roses are magnificent, even a single bush during flowering completely transforms any site. The task of the gardener is to preserve all the roses in winter and create conditions for them so that in the spring the plant begins to grow actively and bloom magnificently. Each type of rose has its own rules. By observing them, the owner of the site can achieve high decorative qualities of each instance. No specific tool is required. You will need an ordinary pruner, a hacksaw for old bushes with thick shoots, compost, waterproof material, spruce branches and a little patience will not hurt.
How to prune roses for the winter: features for different types
All types of roses need autumn care. Common to all is sanitary pruning. It is necessary to remove all unripened, damaged, thin shoots. It is important to remove all branches with signs of the disease. Plant residues must be disposed of to avoid the possibility of the spread of dangerous diseases on the site. Further care depends on the species to which the variety belongs.
The only exceptions are ground cover varieties. They do not need shelter and pruning, it is enough to remove the remains of flowers and peduncles. There is one more feature: pruning roses for the winter can do harm, and not benefit, if leaves remain on the plant. In winter, rot will begin on them, then it will move to the stems. The second half of October is the best time to prepare roses for winter.
Feeding roses for the winter: how and when
In autumn, roses practically do not need nutrients, but top dressing is necessary. You need to remove the top layer of mulch. It can overwinter pathogens and pests. Instead, a layer of peat, compost or good humus at least 5 cm should be poured. This will saturate the soil with organic matter, provide nutrition to beneficial soil bacteria, earthworms. In addition, the loose layer serves as a good heat-insulating material, thanks to which freezing of the roots can be prevented.
Of the mineral substances, the introduction of potassium and phosphorus is permissible. The best form of potassium for roses is ash. It is able not only to saturate the soil additionally with many trace elements in a form accessible to plants, but also to help get rid of common pests and spores of fungal diseases. The use of nitrogen fertilizers at this time is unacceptable. Nitrogen can provoke the growth of shoots, the bush will weaken and die. Ready-made preparations for feeding roses:
The main part of the nutrients must be applied to the soil when planting bushes and during spring and summer top dressing. In autumn, the activity of all parts of plants decreases, all life processes gradually stop and the bushes go into a state of complete rest until spring. Therefore, mineral fertilizers, especially in large doses, can burn the roots. It will not be superfluous to treat with a 1% solution of Bordeaux liquid to prevent the appearance of mold.
Rose shelter for the winter: all the rules and features
The first and most important rule is not to rush to cover roses for the winter. The air temperature at this time should be from -1 to -5 degrees. First you need to prepare the materials. It can be coniferous spruce branches, dry foliage, peat and even hay. The top layer needs a waterproof material.
If you do everything necessary, the rose will definitely overwinter without damage, in the spring it will begin to grow well, in the summer it will delight with magnificent flowers. Proper pruning, feeding and shelter create optimal conditions for the rose, in which it has enough air and warmth to survive, and minimizes the risk of damage.