Planting pear seedlings
Pears are the second fruit crops after the apple, which can be found in abundance in gardens and household plots. Varietal diversity allows you to have fresh pears on the table from July to October. Winter varieties of pears are removed from trees with the onset of frost, the fruits are distinguished by high keeping quality, they can be stored until the New Year.
New varieties of pear trees can be planted in spring and fall, but planting in the fall has its advantages. This article is all about planting pears in the fall, preparing trees for wintering, warming and protecting against pests.
Pear: autumn planting
So that pear trees do not suffer during the autumn planting, endure the winter well, please with a high yield and the absence of diseases, it is very important to follow all the rules, taking into account the quality of seedlings, time and choice of place for growing a pear orchard.
For planting pears, you need to choose a site with maximum lighting. Heat-loving trees grow well in garden plots oriented to the west or south. For the best growth of trees, rich, fertile soils without wetting are needed. If the aquifer in the garden plot is close to the surface, it is necessary to arrange drainage before planting. Before planting pears, part of the natural soil can be replaced with a fertile substrate. To do this, pits are dug in advance, which are filled with black soil mixed with humus and fertilizers.
Pears: planting dates
Pear seedlings take root well in the garden in early spring or autumn, but autumn planting is preferable, because at moderate temperatures the root system of trees develops better. From about mid to late September, pear trees can be planted in the fall. Start to work — the beginning of leaf fall.
Trees are planted in windless sunny weather. Of great importance is the choice of pear seedlings — you can not buy trees in dubious nurseries, with rotten and broken roots. Before planting, rooting is greatly helped by dipping the roots in a clay mash, the pre-dried root system of the tree is soaked in water (for 12 hours) with the addition of Kornevin (read the article on how to use Kornevin).
Fertilizers at planting
Pear seedlings are planted in pre-prepared pits, which are dug according to the 4×4 m scheme. Trees can grow in one place up to 25 years, so it is necessary to immediately prevent the closing and interweaving of crowns.
To plant a pear tree, a planting hole is dug, its dimensions depend on the length of the pear roots. The older the seedling and the more voluminous its roots, the deeper and wider the hole (60x60x100) is dug for planting.
The upper fertile layer is laid aside, the lower layer of natural soil is removed from the pit and replaced with a fertile mixture. The planting hole is filled with a mixture of humus, sod and leafy soil. Starter fertilizer for seedlings of fruit trees is added to the soil (you can use a ready-made mixture) or the following composition:
- Superphosphate simple or double — 2 cups.
- Potassium salts — 2 tbsp. l.
If the soil in the area is acidic, when planting pear seedlings, lime is added to the pit in the amount of 400 g.
A good result is noted when using special biological preparations when rooting pear trees. Usually gardeners use Kornevin (5 g per 5 liters of water) or Epin.
To protect the roots of pear seedlings from getting wet, a hill of earth is poured at the bottom of the pit. Immediately upon planting, a support peg for a tree is driven into the center of the hole (at least 1 m above the ground).
A young plant is installed in a pit strictly vertically, the roots are straightened around the earth filled with a hill, sprinkled with soil, tied to a peg. It is very important when planting not to deepen the root neck. The planted tree is watered abundantly, pouring up to 2 buckets of water into the hole.
It is very important to immediately tie the tree trunk to the support, this will help the seedling to take root better.
In autumn, the roots of the plant have enough soil moisture, which accumulates during precipitation. A moist environment promotes the rapid formation of branched roots.
Care of seedlings should be continued in the winter, when two tasks are relevant:
- Protecting the tree from freezing.
- Rodent protection.
How to protect pear seedlings from frost
Pear is a heat-loving crop, so it is difficult for weak seedlings to overwinter without shelter, especially in areas with cold winters. Over time, winter hardiness increases in mature trees, but young seedlings must be insulated.
Preparation for winter begins in September, when superphosphate and potassium are added to the wells. These substances are introduced into the planting pit during planting, therefore, before the onset of cold weather, the seedlings absorb these substances.
Soil moisture must be maintained until the end of autumn, providing a single plentiful watering. Tree trunks are whitewashed with special water-based paint or lime. After whitewashing, the stems of immature trees are covered with non-woven material, roofing material, tying spruce branches on the outside. The thorny branches of the spruce will prevent hungry hares from nibbling on the bark during the winter months.
Trunk circles are insulated with peat or a layer of sawdust, and when snow falls, they rake it to the trunk, carefully trampling it down. A dense layer of snow deters rats and mice who want to get close to young trees, because rodents usually make moves in loose snowdrifts. In winter, it is necessary to check the plantings, if necessary, cover them with snow to the skeletal branches.