Planting new varieties of grapes in the autumn months is an excellent solution, because next season the vine will rapidly start growing, and the gardener in October is no longer very busy with work, and seedlings of new varieties can be purchased in a large assortment. Planting grapes in autumn is also beneficial because the seedlings, being in a state of biological dormancy, practically do not notice the transplant, adapt well in a new place and quickly grow roots. We will tell you about how best to carry out planting work in the vineyard in this article — read to the end.

Which seedlings will definitely take root

For successful planting of grapes in the fall, it is very important that you have healthy and strong seedlings.

  • Appearance — there should be no damage to the bark, the root system should have developed roots, at least 3 pieces, 2 to 3 mm thick.
  • Root cut — in healthy seedlings, the color of the cut has a white or cream tint. If the roots are brown-brown on the cut, this may indicate rotting of the root system or fungal diseases.
  • Moisture — Roots and vines should not be too dry.
  • External damage — shoots should not show damage or signs of disease. On seedlings there should be no rot, fungal infections, necrotic spots.

Each summer resident chooses grapes to his taste, but there are popular and productive varieties that everyone will be happy with.

  • Grapes Triumph — an early ripe variety with full-bodied tassels of black-purple rounded berries. The variety ripens in 105 days, winters well at -40C.
  • Grapes Transfiguration — huge brushes of oblong pink berries with a tan. Each bunch can reach a weight of 3 kg. The variety belongs to early ripening (ripening in 105-110 days). Winter hardiness — up to -20C.
  • Grapes kishmish Black finger — huge brushes of elongated blue grapes covered with a bluish bloom, a variety of medium ripening. Winters grapes at -24C.
  • Livia grapes — green-pink berries form large brushes weighing from 1 to 2 kg. Early maturing variety, ripening lasts from 100 days.

Planting grapes in autumn seedlings

Planting of grape seedlings in the autumn should be carried out at a certain time, about 15 days before the onset of the first frost, the work should be completed. Two weeks is enough for the roots of the plants to begin to grow in a new place, which will help the vine to better survive the frost. Planting grapes in open ground in autumn in different areas may not coincide in time, but the main guidelines for starting the procedure are temperature fluctuations from +5 C to +15 C. If the thermometer readings are stable in this range, you can safely start planting. Usually this time comes from the end of September to October, but it’s better to check with the temperature data that weather forecasters say, and most importantly, don’t start planting in frost.

To obtain a rich harvest of grapes, a number of conditions must be observed when planting, one of which is the correct choice of site. Juicy grape clusters ripen only in the open sun, so you should choose an open high area for the vineyard.

Important! It is not recommended to plant grape bushes under trees or near tall buildings — in low light, ripening berries will have a sour taste.

The grapevine does not develop well not only in full shade, the plants do not tolerate planting in acidic, salty, marshy soils. Poor sandy soil is also not suitable for growing grapes.

Vine bushes do not tolerate strong drafts, so plants must be protected from blowing.

The ideal composition of the substrate for the cultivation of vines is loose fertile loam with the addition of humus. If necessary, a drainage layer of broken brick or expanded clay is laid at the bottom of the planting pits, but this is only in problematic excessively wet areas.

Important! If the groundwater on the site lies at a distance of 1-1.5 m from the soil surface, grape bushes are planted on shafts. Provide for the removal of water from the site using drainage networks.

It is very important to provide for the required distance from vine bushes to neighboring trees and shrubs — it should not be less than 3 m. Good neighbors not only do not negatively affect plant growth, but also increase vine immunity and productivity. Of the trees, the best friends for grapes: pear, cherry, sweet cherry, sea buckthorn. From the exotic, figs will become a wonderful neighbor. The best vegetable crop to plant next to a vineyard is sorrel. This plant has a very beneficial effect on the vine.

A bad neighbor for grapes is corn, and with it tomatoes and peppers. Weeds have a depressing effect on the vine with juicy berries: field bindweed, knotweed, plantain, nettle, wheatgrass. It is very important to establish weeding of the vineyard from weeds, this must be done systematically and very carefully. But it is useful to grow green manure herbs between rows, so rye, mustard, lupins, and clover can be planted between grape bushes.

After choosing a suitable site, you can start preparing planting pits, the depth of which should be at least 70 cm. Drainage is laid at the bottom, and the ground for backfilling is prepared from humus, sand and good garden soil. As the basis of the land substrate, you can take the upper part of the soil removed when digging holes.

Prepared soil is poured at the bottom of the pit, a seedling is installed (if necessary, a support peg is immediately installed), the roots are straightened and the pit is covered with soil. The root neck may be at the level of the soil; it is not allowed to deepen the seedling into the ground too much.

After watering, the planted grape bushes are watered with water, pouring 1-2 buckets, when the soil settles, it is necessary to immediately add soil and strengthen the seedlings.

Grape care in autumn

In dry, warm weather, it is recommended to water the vines, but this should not be done during rainfall.

After planting, you should immediately start preparing the grapes for winter. The operations are simple, include loosening the soil for better aeration of the roots and shelter from frost. In the first year, it is very important to protect the vine from the cold, so the bushes are covered with foil, spruce branches, and then with fallen snow. The root part is protected with dry sand or earth, with which the vine is spudded.

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