Pelargonium from seeds
Do you love pelargoniums? Do you want to upgrade a variety, get rare colors, collect a collection at no extra cost? Then growing pelargoniums from seeds is what you need.
Let’s make a reservation right away: we will talk about pelargoniums — the so-called domestic geraniums. Carl Linnaeus is responsible for the confusion in the names, who in the 19th century was engaged in the classification of plants and introduced the fashion to call pelargoniums geraniums.
Geranium vs Pelargonium
After a while, geraniums and pelargoniums were divided into two different genera of the geranium family due to their complete dissimilarity. However, flower growers around the world stubbornly continue to call them garden geraniums and house geraniums. Breeders are forced to follow this trend — after all, we do not live in a textbook on botany.
Garden geraniums are frost-resistant perennials with pinnately dissected leaves and solitary cute flowers. Pelargoniums are also perennials, but they do not hibernate in the ground, but they form large caps of brightly colored inflorescences, they are ampelous (ivy-leaved), zonal (with a round border or a spot on the leaves), royal (large-flowered) and many more. By the way, blue and blue varieties predominate among geraniums, while pelargoniums do not have the delphinidin gene responsible for the blue color at all.
Pelargoniums can be planted in the garden for the entire summer season — they will bloom profusely until the onset of cold weather. The main condition for the continuous formation of buds is sunlight. While there is a lot of it — pelargoniums increase their vegetative mass and bloom like crazy, when daylight hours shorten with the advent of winter, pelargoniums go to rest, lose ⅔ of the vegetative mass and do not look very presentable. With the advent of spring, the cycle repeats itself.
When to sow pelargonium seeds
You can sow all year round, but it is best before winter, when we can easily control the lighting and temperature, which is important.
Our catalog contains perhaps the largest collection of pelargonium seeds: choose zonal varieties with huge inflorescences or chic ampelous pelargoniums for planters and hanging baskets.
How to sow pelargonium seeds at home
In order not to waste extra time on preparation, you can order from us and combine in one order with seeds a mini-greenhouse, any ready-made soil, superphosphate and a phyto-lamp. So you save on shipping and get a starter kit that can be used repeatedly to grow healthy and strong seedlings of any crop.
- It is better to soak the seeds overnight using a cotton pad or napkin.
- Swollen seeds should be spread over the surface of the substrate, sprinkled with a centimeter layer of soil and properly moistened with a spray bottle.
- A container with seeds closed with a lid must be removed to a dark and warm place before germination — the optimum temperature during this period is + 21-23 degrees, but not higher than +25.
- After the emergence of shoots, the lid or film must be removed and the container rearranged on a well-lit window sill, or better, under a phyto-lamp.
- The temperature must be reduced to about +15 degrees, which is easy to do on the window by ventilation.
- After the appearance of 3 true leaves, the seedlings need to be dived — according to the instructions, add superphosphate to the soil for picking cups, which is needed for the proper development of plants and abundant flowering in the future.
Congratulations, you have grown your first geraniums from seeds! All of the above applies to zonal pelargoniums. Ampel varieties require a slightly different agricultural technique: the temperature for germination and for dived seedlings should be 3-5 degrees lower. Temperature shock in seeds and small seedlings of ivy pelargonium occurs at a temperature of +22 degrees.
Raised. What’s next?
Pelargoniums are excellent companions both at home and in the garden, as they are powerful natural repellents and successfully chase flies, which our great-grandmothers knew very well.
With the advent of steady heat, pelargoniums can be planted in open ground — there the plants will unfold in all their glory. You can not disturb adult home geraniums with a transplant, but cut as many cuttings from them as you like, each of which will develop into a large branchy bush during the garden season. In autumn, the most successful plants can be returned to the apartment, or cuttings can be cut already from them and rooted in the apartment.
This “geranium conveyor” can be endless, which cannot be said about reproduction with one’s own seeds. If you have several varieties, then they will definitely cross-pollinate, and the seeds as a result of such crossing will be unpredictable in terms of maintaining varietal characteristics.
Pure varieties of pelargoniums with the declared characteristics in terms of color, size, degree of doubleness of flowers can only be obtained from the seeds of the originator. These are always in our catalog.
By the way, be sure to tell us in the comments about your pelargoniums and how to propagate them. And take a few minutes for a short master class from our pelargonium specialist — there is a lot of useful information and an overview of the most hit varieties.