Magnolia in the garden: growing features

What do you think of when you hear the word magnolia? The first association is the sea, the warm coast, the beach. But magnolia in Belarus can also grow and become a magnificent decoration of the garden. This exotic beauty can grow in our climate, although you will have to study the nuances of agricultural technology in order to enjoy the beauty of an overseas beauty.

Recently, the climate is amazing, temperature changes are obvious. Severe frosts are possible where they have never been, and winter thaws have become commonplace. Clear instructions for caring for magnolia do not give advice on how to save the plant in extreme conditions. Our article is based on the practical experience of growing heat-loving shrubs in conditions far from perfect.

Magnolia in the garden: variety selection

The beauty of magnolia flowers and mesmerizing photos can set you up to buy varieties with low winter hardiness. Do not flatter yourself, bushes with winter hardiness less than 20 degrees in areas where frosts can hit down to -30 degrees will not overwinter, do not waste money and time, buy only those plants that suit your climate. See what wonderful frost-resistant varieties we can offer you.

  • Magnolia George Henry Kern is a hardiness champion. Up to -29 degrees, the plant does not freeze. The flowers are light purple with a purple tint. Flowering lasts a month and a half, in ideal conditions up to 8 weeks.
  • Magnolia Betty — not inferior to the previous variety. Magnificent flowers 5-6 cm in size consist of many petals. Outside they are purple, inside soft pink.
  • Magnolia Black Tulip — also tolerates severe frosts. It has a rich purple color of the petals, the flowers are shaped like a lotus.
  • Magnolia lily-colored Nigra — has winter hardiness up to -27 degrees, the petals are painted in raspberry shades with purple tones. Equal in hardiness, Galaksi’s soulange varieties with deep pink flowers, Susan’s hybrid with iridescent shades of white and violet-purple and Alba’s soulange with almost snow-white flowers, decorated with scarlet strokes at the base.
  • All these varieties can winter in the climate of Belarus.

    Seedlings with a closed root system take root much faster and easily adapt to growing conditions. These are the ones you will find in our online store. It is better not to buy seedlings with an open root system, the roots are very fragile, easily broken when in contact with soil and tools. For this reason, you need to carefully select a landing site. It will be impossible to successfully transplant the plant. There must be enough space to easily plant and care in the open field, and the magnolia must also have enough nutrition. In addition, space must also be provided for mounting the shelter.

    Magnolia: planting and care, site selection 

    The best adviser is always experience. Multiple experiments on magnolia cultivation, planting and care have shown that the plant is special and some tricks and recommendations are only suitable for magnolia and completely unacceptable for other crops.

  • Lighting. Magnolia in nature grows well in sunny areas. In practice, in our climate there are strong temperature drops and low humidity, so find an area where the plant will be protected from the midday sun. The remaining 2/3 of the day the site should be well lit.
  • Soil composition. Magnolia loves good soil, if your site has fertile soil in which there is enough organic matter, you don’t need to make a planting hole, just pull out a seedling with a clod of earth and transplant it into a small hole so that the root neck remains at the level of the soil surface. Only on heavy clay, sandy soils and sandy loam will organic fertilizers be required.
  • Landscape. It is advisable to choose a flat area, but which never stagnates with water. Around the bushes at a distance of 3-5 meters there should be bushes, trees and buildings that can protect the bush from the wind.
  • Time and conditions of landing. Ideal planting time is spring. It is during this period that magnolia can begin to grow actively, its bark has time to fully form. This greatly increases winter hardiness.
  • Watering. Moderate and frequent, it is impossible to overmoisten the soil even on loose soil with drainage. In hot weather, the roots will boil, in cool weather they will rot if there is too much moisture. It is necessary to water in the evening to exclude heating of the top layer of the soil in which the roots are located immediately after moistening. A clear sign of a lack of moisture is the appearance of yellow-green leaves. For 1 bush, 3-7 liters of water are required.
  • Soil loosening. It cannot be done too deep. Most gardeners prefer to do without loosening altogether, limiting themselves to weeding immediately after they appear.
  • Pruning. Formative pruning of young plants should be discarded. The free growth of the bush allows the plant to develop faster. In the spring, you should carefully examine the branches, cut off only damaged and dead ones. At this time, you can harvest cuttings for rooting, but only from adult bushes.
  • If everything is done correctly, there is a great chance that in your area the magnolia will not only be able to grow and bloom, but also give cones with seeds.

    Magnolia: care and shelter for the winter

    Like all heat-loving crops, magnolia needs shelter for the winter, this is especially true for young plants. We will figure out what and how to make a shelter that can protect against frost and precipitation.

    The best is the frame method of shelter. The fact is that magnolia branches are very fragile and can be easily broken when trying to do without a frame. It is desirable to make the design with the expectation of 3-4 years. It should be wider and higher than the plant by at least 30 cm. In the upper part, you need to leave room for an air vent. The frame is wrapped so that the bush is completely protected from the wind, but the access of fresh air through the upper hole is preserved. This is necessary to adapt the seedling to the local climate.

    Shelter materials can be any, but coniferous spruce branches are considered the best. The younger the seedling, the denser the shelter should be and the thicker the layer of covering material, the smaller the vent. With age, the bush gets used to the local climate, its frost resistance increases significantly. At the age of 6-7 years, magnolia can winter without shelter.

    Magnolia root protection is essential for all shrubs of any age. A snowy winter can result in the death of a plant only because of the freezing of the roots. A thick layer of mulch solves this problem. You can use any bulk materials: sawdust, peat, needles, dry foliage.

    The general conclusion is simple. Despite all the difficulties, growing magnolia in our climate is quite realistic, you just have to want and not give up in case of failure.

    And for those who love flowers, ready to learn all the intricacies of care and cultivation, in our section «Floriculture» you will always find the most relevant tips on flower cultivation for both beginners and experienced flower growers, articles on garden decoration, sowing features, as well as many other very useful materials.


    Ваш адрес email не будет опубликован. Обязательные поля помечены *

    Related Posts