Important rules for planting bulbous flowers in the fall
The end of the season for the grower is not a time for rest. Cleaning, weeding, preparing ornamental shrubs for winter, and most importantly, planting bulbs in the fall do not let them sit idle. It seems that everything is simple: dig up the garden bed and stick the bulbs. What else is needed? In reality, for magnificent flowering, you need to take into account all the needs of each species, observe the planting dates. In order for plants to bloom, they must receive everything that is necessary for active growth and the formation of flower buds.
There is a general rule for all bulbous flowers. Plants must have time to take root before the ground freezes. This usually takes about 2 weeks. If you don’t make it on time, and there are only a few days left before the onset of frost, which is usual for the area, the beds are covered with a thick layer of spruce branches or straw to delay the freezing of the soil.
Bulbs should be planted at rest, when they are inactive in natural conditions. For most species, this is the period from late August to October.
Light nutrient soil freezes less, retains moisture well and provides all the necessary substances for plants. Flowers need basic nutrients: potassium and nitrogen for active growth, phosphorus for bright flowering. The remaining trace elements are considered optional, but without them, the leaves and petals will be dull.
It must be remembered that the bottom of the bulb during planting is located at a depth of 8-15, and sometimes even 20 cm. The roots go even lower. That is why the soil is dug deep with the simultaneous application of organic and mineral fertilizers. For each square meter of soil, 1 to 3 buckets of humus or compost, 2 cups of ash, potassium-phosphorus fertilizers are required according to the instructions. So that the earth is not too dense, low-lying peat or rotted sawdust is added to it. These components perfectly retain moisture, gradually decomposing, supply plants with nutrients.
It is better to prepare the beds at least a month in advance, but this is not always possible. If planting is done immediately after digging, the soil is moistened and slightly compacted. This makes it possible for the bulbs not to change position after watering or rain.
No matter how hard the florist tries, one cannot do without the right choice of place. If you follow all the rules, but plant it on an unsuccessful site, the bulbs will not even overwinter. The basic requirements are suitable for all cultures:
Only shade-tolerant crops and primroses can be planted under the crown of deciduous plants. By the time they have grown thick leaves, muscari and blueberries will have faded and even set seeds. Each type of plant has its own subtleties of agricultural technology.
Planting tulips in autumn
For tulips, as well as for other bulbs, grooves or holes are made. Their depth is equal to three bulb heights, but not more than 15 cm. Autumn planting is relevant not only for planting material purchased the day before, but also for elite varieties that need to be replanted every year so that the bulb does not go too deep. Much has been written about how to store tulips before planting in the fall, but the main rule is a warm, dry place.
The fact is that storage in the refrigerator stimulates the awakening of the growth of green mass immediately after planting, which means that there will be no flowering. For the winter, it is better to cover the garden with spruce branches. Wintering in warmer conditions, plants produce large flowers. Landing with a difference of a week in 3-4 stages. Flowering will last longer.
Planting daffodils in autumn
Narcissists amaze with their diversity. Among them there are varieties with small and very large bulbs. The planting depth is not more than 15 cm, they are deepened by 8-10 cm into small onions and children. The acceptable planting dates are from mid-August, you need to finish two weeks before the onset of frost. If there is no certainty that storage in the summer was correct, they are planted only in late autumn so that the plants do not have time to germinate. They can stay in one place for 3-5 years, which means that the preparation of the soil should be taken care of especially carefully. Daffodils are undemanding in planting and care in the fall.
Mulching will help retain moisture in the spring. Daffodils are great for single plantings in composition with other plants and group plantings. By the way, this culture is able to overwinter even in high flower beds, but shelter for the winter under these conditions will not be superfluous.
Hyacinths, when planted in autumn in open ground, throw out a flower arrow in early spring, so they can be placed close to deciduous trees and shrubs. The shadow of apple trees, roses or lilacs cannot harm them. The main thing is that moisture does not stagnate in the garden after rain and melt water drains well from the site. In addition to flooding, the plant is not afraid of anything. When planting hyacinths in autumn, the distance between plants is kept 15-25 cm, depending on the variety. Planting depth 10-20 cm, depending on the size of the bulb. Shelter for the winter makes it possible to save all the plants, but it must be removed immediately after the snow melts.
Planting crocuses in autumn
Absolutely unpretentious primrose — crocus. The winter hardiness of some varieties is simply amazing, onions hibernate in the ground even at -40 degrees. With proper storage of planting material, there is no need to postpone planting crocuses in the fall in open ground until the latest time. The bulbs wake up only after being exposed to low temperatures for at least three weeks, so the planting time is from mid-late September until the average daily temperature is +3 degrees. The plant is small, the bulbs are relatively small. This makes it possible to grow them between tulips and lilies. In mixed perennial flower beds, crocuses appear in the first wave of flowering. Planting depth 8-12 cm, distance between plants 10-15 cm. Please note that daughter bulbs are quickly formed, after 3-4 years a transplant will be required.
Experienced flower growers are advised to process any bulbs before planting. Growth stimulants should be discarded. To prevent diseases and attack by insect pests, planting material is first soaked in a pink solution of potassium permanganate for 30 minutes, dried, then treated with Maxim according to the instructions. They are dried again, and only after that they are planted.