How to plant roses in open ground and when is the best time to do it
It doesn’t matter if you bought a single rose seedling or decided to plant a hedge, you need to thoroughly prepare for planting. To get started, study the agricultural technology of each variety. The choice of a place for planting roses in open ground depends on the size of an adult bush, the requirements for the illumination of the site. The only reason for not having beautiful roses would be a completely shaded area. The flower queen cannot grow and bloom in the shade of tall trees and buildings. In other cases, you can grow magnificent bushes with charming flowers and an alluring aroma.
How to plant roses: choosing a place
Rose loves freedom. Her crown needs ventilation, so calculate the landing site so that the adult bush does not touch the branches of neighboring trees and shrubs. Delicate flowers suffer from rainwater, avoid planting under roof overhangs and in places where water flows from large trees. The heat can burn the leaves and petals. You can not place roses in the immediate vicinity of fences and walls that are very hot. At the height of the day, when the sun is at its zenith, it is desirable that light partial shade falls on the rose bushes.
The best place will be an open area on the south side of tall trees and buildings, where roses and wild roses have not grown for the previous three years.
If your site is loam, growing a rose will not be difficult. This is an ideal soil for planting, and in areas with heavy clay soil, sandy loam and sandy soil, you will have to work hard.
How to plant a rose correctly: for a single bush, make a hole 70 * 70 in size, 60 cm deep, for a hedge or a border of miniature varieties, dig a trench 70 cm wide. Move the top layer of soil separately, you will need to remove all grass roots from it and use it in as the basis for the preparation of the nutrient mixture.
Mix all the ingredients thoroughly, break up the clods of earth with a shovel. At the bottom of the pit or trench, lay gravel or broken slate, brick as drainage. The layer can be from 4 to 10 cm. Fill the hole with the resulting mixture. The earth should «infuse» 10-14 days before planting.
When to plant roses outdoors
Seedlings with a closed root system can be bought and planted from spring to autumn. They practically do not experience stress during transplantation. The only exceptions are days when there are no clouds in the sky and there is scorching heat. After 3 weeks, young plants will fully take root, new roots will become sufficiently developed. All this time, carefully monitor the moisture content of the soil. If the roots are very long and occupy most of the container, they need to be expanded and shortened to 35-40 cm. Try to save the earthen ball as much as possible.
Plant seedlings with an open root system and dormant buds in the spring when the earth is warm enough. Usually it is April — the first half of May. Root plants with sprouts and unfolded leaves in the second half of May, when the threat of severe frosts has passed. If there are buds, they must be removed. The first days of June are the deadline for planting roses, in the future the risk of attacks from the heat will increase.
Plant roses in the fall from early September to late October. Like any deciduous shrub, they take root easily at this time. Do not forget that seedlings need pre-planting preparation. Put the plants in water for 7-12 hours, then in a solution of root growth stimulator according to the instructions. Next, carefully inspect each plant. It is necessary to remove all dry, damaged roots to a clean healthy cut, shorten the shoots:
Rules for planting roses
When planting roses in open ground, make sure that the roots are not tangled, freely located from the center to the edges of the planting hole. To simplify the task, make a hillock with gentle slopes in the center of the pit. Place a seedling in the center, and spread the roots to the sides. Gently, holding the trunk, fill in the roots, compacting the soil with the palm of your hand. For ease of watering, leave the edge about 2 centimeters, water abundantly. The next day, when the ground settles, add soil to the desired level. If the seedling has not yet woken up, it must be spudded with any bulk material. Mulch the soil surface with peat or old sawdust. When planting in autumn, release shoots from hilling before covering the bush for the winter, during spring, when the buds wake up.
If you plan to plant a hedge, a winding border of roses, or something similar, mark the planting site with wooden pegs. They are easier to place correctly, can be rearranged several times to plan the perfect flower garden.
Care of rose seedlings after planting
The first weeks after planting roses need special care. Make sure that weeds do not interfere with the development of young bushes. Weeding and loosening the soil is needed at least once a week, preferably after each watering. With spring planting, the first top dressing is possible in two weeks, with autumn planting next spring. Constant soil moisture is a decisive factor affecting survival. Do not allow the soil to dry out and waterlogging. In both cases, the death of the seedling is possible. For prevention and when pests and diseases appear, use only BIOpreparations. At this time, there is a high risk of chemical burns, the plant does not yet have good immunity, sap flow is slow.
Be sure to prepare a cover. If there is a possibility of returning frosts, hail or scorching heat, the seedlings must be reliably protected, this will ensure complete safety during the adaptation period. Almost all varieties, except for ramblers, will surely please with the first flowers in the year of planting.
And finally, I would like to remind you that the queen of flowers requires regular pruning from her subjects. And despite the huge number of species and varieties, there are general pruning rules for them. Our experts have detailed them for you.