How to plant a large garden in a small area

A small garden is not a reason to refuse beds with fresh vegetables and herbs at hand. There are many ways to get a good harvest from the most modest garden, if you use imagination and some tricks. Experiments with the shape of the beds

The existence of unconventional approaches to the shape of the beds will allow you to forget about the standard layout of the garden. Any horizontal surface or hanging structure can be used to lay out beds in a small area.

The beds can be arranged following the natural landforms of the site, abandoning the usual regular shapes and strict lines. This approach will allow you to dispose of the available land with greater benefit. You can also build high beds with sides made of stone, slate, boards, bricks. They retain their shape better, do not slip and are more convenient to care for.

Ornamental garden and combination of crops

An original solution would be to plant flowers and vegetables on the same bed. Greens, different varieties of cabbage, berry bushes will look beautiful in combination with flowers. In addition to the decorative function, such compositions have a lot of benefits:

  • allow practical use of the area, increasing the yield;
  • flowers, covering the roots of vegetable crops, protect them from drying out;
  • flowers with a pleasant aroma attract insects for pollination, and foul-smelling ones can repel pests.

It is also worth paying attention to the combination of garden plants in one garden. Tomatoes planted next to currant bushes will scare away pests from currants with their smell, to which it will then be convenient to tie up grown tomato bushes. Beans and cucumbers can be combined with corn, which will protect the plants from wind and sun, and also serve as a reliable support for them. Spinach will be a good neighbor for carrots, zucchini, cabbage, beets and potatoes.

Compacted crops

Considering that some cultures do not fully use the surrounding space at the beginning of their development, you should not miss the opportunity to compact the crops and increase the yield of the garden:

  • crops of cucumbers can be compacted with lettuce, radishes, onions;
  • dill with lettuce can be sown between potato and tomato rows;
  • onions and garlic fit well between the rows of strawberries.

vertical beds

Vertical planting will be a salvation for owners of small gardens. Strawberries, tomatoes, greens, flowers and even potatoes will give an excellent harvest with this method of planting.

Materials for making vertical beds can be very diverse:

  • Plastic pipe. The pipes cut along the length are filled with soil, plants are planted and hung at different levels, creating a semblance of a garden bed. You can also make holes in the pipe for plants, fill it with earth and install it vertically.
  • Bags filled with soil and hung on a wall or fence; this is how flowers, climbing plants, and herbs are grown.
  • Flower pots. The pots strung on a rod are filled with earth, plants are planted in them and the structure is installed in any chosen corner of the garden. Also, pots can be attached to a wall, fence or pole, or create a pyramid out of them by picking up pots of different diameters. By planting plants of different colors in this way, you can get an original decor element for the site.
  • Construction grid. It forms a semblance of a pipe about 1 m in diameter, which is lined with a film with holes and filled with soil.
  • Plastic containers placed on the shelves.
  • Climbing and ampelous plants

    Little space in the garden will be occupied by plants creeping up or hanging down. Hanging tomatoes, for example, can be hung over the porch, and peas can be planted near the hedge.

    In a pergola with a stable base, you can grow pumpkins, zucchini, cucumbers. Also, the trees growing on the site will become a support for climbing crops. For planting cucumbers, a large barrel filled with compost and soil can also be used. For beans, there will be enough long poles stuck in the ground, and for cucumbers, they build a kind of «wigwam» from stakes placed in a circle and wrapped with twine.

    African beds

    The African technique of planting vegetables in bags filled with earth came to us from Uganda, where vegetables are grown in this way in conditions of drought and heat. With us, “African garden beds” will help owners of small gardens to diversify the range of crops on the site and save space. You can grow carrots, cucumbers, tomatoes, dill and parsley in bags. For planting in several levels, cuts are made on the sides of the bags, into which seedlings are planted.

    The advantages of «African beds»: compactness, mobility, efficiency, absence of weeds and pests, order and cleanliness. The downside of the «African garden» is called the rapid drying of the soil and the need for more frequent watering.

    Growing vegetables upside down

    An interesting way, suitable for growing tomatoes and eggplants, is as follows: seedlings are threaded through a hole in the bottom of the pot so that the roots are inside, and the bush is at the bottom of the pot. The pot filled with earth is suspended. This method of planting gives a much greater yield, the plants take up little space and become a kind of decoration of the site, especially during fruit ripening. Annual flowers, such as petunias, can be sown above the roots.

    In addition to the methods described above, for a small garden it is worth choosing compact, low-growing varieties of vegetables, as well as early-ripening crops that will allow you to take two or three crops from the garden over the summer.


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