Charming ever-flowering garden begonia is a perennial plant with small dense rounded leaves and numerous flowers of pink, white or carmine color. There are varieties with traditionally green leaves, but there are more colorful ones — their plates are painted in burgundy-red tones, specimens with variegated leaves are less common. Usually begonia is grown as an annual, but you can dig up bushes from garden beds in the fall and store them until spring in greenhouses or winter gardens. Begonias are very unpretentious, their cultivation does not bring disappointment, but some recommendations for their cultivation are gently taken into service.

Ever flowering begonia: botanical reference

Brazil is considered the birthplace of the plant, at the beginning of the 19th century, begonia began its victorious march across the continents, and breeders began experiments on breeding new varieties. Currently, species begonias from this group have a bush height of 40 cm and below, up to 15-20 cm.

There are several groups of ever-flowering begonias depending on the height of the bush:

Name

Height

Tall

40 cm

medium height

25 cm

Undersized

15 to 20 cm

The compact form is characteristic of hybrids that form dense spherical bushes. The stem is fleshy, juicy, consists of numerous knees.

Begonia blooms from spring until frost, the plant fully justifies its name — Begonia semperflorens. The species belongs to the genus Begonia, the latter has about 1600 different plants.

Everblooming begonia flowers can have a simple or double shape, collected in a loose brush — charming plants are always strewn with mother-of-pearl white or pink flowers. Fully double flowers, resembling fluffy balls, look especially impressive. Male (four-petal) and female (five-petal) flowers occur simultaneously on the same plant.

Begonia garden planting and care

Begonia can be grown from seeds and green cuttings (leaves), the most common method is rooting freshly cut parts of the stem in water or soil. Within a week, the rudiments of roots are formed on the cuttings. In order for rooting in water to give guaranteed results, you can add a drop of Epin to the liquid — this will speed up the process of root formation.

After the roots grow from 1 to 1.5 cm long, the cuttings are transplanted into boxes (cups) with a light drained substrate, not forgetting to maintain soil moisture.

It is more difficult to grow this plant from seeds, the seed is quite small, so you need to have some professional skills, germination is carried out in a greenhouse.

Conditions for growing begonias

Planting begonias in open ground begins in the spring, when the threat of return frosts has passed. Despite the fact that begonia loves cool content, a sharp drop in temperature can cause the death of plant tissues and the occurrence of infection with fungal infections.

Begonias can be planted in open flower beds, they are grown in hanging boxes and planters, plants are ideal for creating arrangements in portable containers.

When planting in open ground, it is necessary to create suitable conditions for the plant:

  • Lighting — begonias can be in partial shade for a short time, but it is better to plant plants in the bright sun, then compact bushes, numerous buds are formed, the color of the leaves becomes saturated.
  • Soil — for ever-flowering begonias, it is necessary to prepare a flower bed in advance. The earth is dug up, leveled, if necessary, enriched with nutrients. The plant prefers slightly acidic soil with a pH value of 6.2. It is not recommended to grow a crop on dense clay or loose sandy soils, in the first case, the clay dries out for a long time, in the second case, the sand dries instantly after watering, in such substrates it is difficult to provide the plant with constant moisture.
  • Watering — uniform, regular. In each case, it is necessary to determine the frequency of irrigation depending on local weather conditions.
  • Fertilizer — during the summer, mineral and organic fertilizers are applied under the plants, it is worth remembering that in the second half of the season, the proportion of nitrogen in top dressing is sharply reduced, increasing the content of phosphorus and potassium. Top dressing mode — every 10-12 days.

Landing Rules

The ever-flowering begonia grows well in the open ground, but for planting seedlings in garden beds, holes should be prepared in advance for each plant. The distance between plants is planned based on the size of begonias. To obtain carpet beds, seedlings are placed at a distance of 10-15 cm from each other, up to 20 cm must be left between tall plants.

The seedlings are not buried in the holes, but they make sure that the roots are spacious. After planting, the plants are watered, the soil surface is mulched with dry soil.

Caring for evergreen begonia

Begonias are not capricious, they take root well in the open air, quickly start growing, and bloom well. Plant care consists in periodically moistening the flower beds, while not pouring too much water under the plants. Although begonias love moist soil, over-watering can harm the plants.

In summer, flower beds with begonias are weeded several times, weeds quickly draw nutrients from the soil, contribute to the spread of infections, so it is important to get rid of uninvited guests as soon as possible.

If a hard crust has formed on the ground, light loosening will be required; accuracy is necessary when doing the work.

Ever-flowering begonia can be planted in summer beds with other perennials and annuals. Portable containers with this culture will serve as the best decoration for stairs and paths. In flower beds, begonia is often grown as a border tape. An indispensable plant when forming the foreground of a flower garden, and planting begonias on a bright green lawn as a group also looks great.

 If there is a desire, ever-flowering terry begonia can be settled on a balcony or loggia; in the patio area, this plant will serve as a true decoration all summer. Low-growing varieties are ideal for decorating hanging planters. The ever-flowering begonia gets along well with charming lobelia, small-flowered petunia, silver-green dichondra, bright alyssum, tender iberis and other ground covers.

LEAVE A RESPONSE

Ваш адрес email не будет опубликован. Обязательные поля помечены *

Related Posts