How to care for roses in summer: a memo for a rose grower
Roses are beautiful, every gardener dreams of having at least one bush on the plot, he buys seedlings, at first they grow quickly, even bloom, and then problems begin. The leaves fade, new buds do not appear. For a beginner, this may result in the loss of the plant. To prevent this from happening, you need good care for roses, and throughout the summer, and not just during the flowering period.
Caring for roses in the country begins with watering
It seems that watering is the easiest procedure. In fact, roses need to learn how to water. There is a main rule: you can’t install sprinklers, water from a sprayer, water should fall on the ground or mulch, but not on a bush. Water should be taken warm, if it is from a city water supply, defended for two to three days in a container without a lid. During this time, all the chlorine, which is harmful to roses, will evaporate from it.
Watering time must also be chosen correctly. Morning and evening hours are best. At this time, the sun is not so active, the water will be absorbed, not evaporated. The earth should get wet by 25-30 cm, it is at this depth that the roots are located. In dry weather, it is necessary to water every 3 days, if there is a scorching heat, it is advisable to moisten the soil daily.
So that watering does not lead to the occurrence of fungal diseases, tall plants with a dense crown cannot be planted next to roses, and the bush itself must be thinned out so that air circulates freely.
Feeding roses in summer
For flowering, roses need potassium and phosphorus, as additional, but also necessary elements, magnesium should be present in the dressing, which can make the flowers brighter, iron so that the leaves do not turn yellow, manganese and boron. These substances not only contribute to abundant flowering, but also increase the immunity of the plant. Nitrogen is also necessary, but only during the care of roses in spring, in summer, it can shift the timing of flowering, give impetus to the growth of fattening shoots.
In summer, the bush is actively developing, many varieties bloom continuously or in waves, nutrients from the soil are quickly consumed. Once a month, you need to add 10 grams of superphosphate and potassium sulfate, but in July this is not enough. 500 grams of chicken manure and 2 cups of ash per 10 liters of water are added to the fertilizer solution. For 1 adult bush, 2 liters of ready-made liquid fertilizer will be required, for young bushes 1 liter is enough.
2 weeks after mineral dressing, you can give roses an infusion of mullein 1:10 or an infusion of nettles, dandelions with flowers. Rosa loves organic fertilizers, in addition to top dressing, infusions have a positive effect on soil structure, provide nutrition to beneficial soil bacteria.
Without proper pruning, caring for roses in the summer in the country will be incomplete. The bush will be untidy, flowering is weak. The fact is that withering flowers take a lot of strength from plants, a fruit with seeds is formed in them. In addition, a drying flower is not the most beautiful sight. In rambler and floribunda roses, you need to cut the brush right away, and not individual flowers.
Sanitary pruning is carried out constantly. It is vital to the rose. Dry and broken branches can become a source of infection, and shoots directed to the center of the bush disrupt ventilation. As a result, powdery mildew and other fungal diseases may appear. Once a week, you need to inspect the roses, if problems are found, prune.
Disease and pest control
It is known that one of the most terrible diseases of roses is powdery mildew. If it is not detected in time, the entire bush may die. Prevention will help reduce the risk of a problem to a minimum. In addition to the thinning pruning mentioned, there are other reliable methods. To combat diseases and pests, you can use the following methods:
If diseases are best prevented, then pest control must be done “after the fact”. First, detect an insect, determine what kind of species it is, only then take action.
Rose is a moisture-loving plant, does not tolerate drying out of the soil. To smooth out moisture differences, mulching is carried out immediately after planting the bushes. Later, the mulch is changed in spring and autumn to get rid of overwintering pests and disease spores.
A 10-12 cm layer of mulch solves many problems. Moisture is retained for a long time, the soil does not overheat, weeds cannot break through to the sun. Given the purpose of the shrub, the mulch should be inconspicuous or beautiful. Peat, humus, sawdust and chopped straw protect the roots of roses well, but they do not have a decorative effect.
Recently, a variety of materials for mulching have been sold, and designers are embodying new ideas. Mulch can enhance the beauty of the bush. Colored gravel, beautiful wood shavings from different types of wood, light blue forest moss can make the flower garden where the rose grows complete, very beautiful, but poorly nourish the plant. Under such materials it is better to lay a layer of nutritious peat or compost.
In summer, you can significantly expand the rose garden, for this it is enough to cut off one shoot from powerful bushes, divide it into parts with 3-4 buds, soak the cuttings in a root growth stimulator and plant them in mini greenhouses. Of course, not all cuttings will give roots, but some of them will definitely become good seedlings. When rooting, it is very important to monitor the soil moisture, it should be moderate and stable. In too damp soil, the cuttings will rot, in dry soil they will gradually die.
Caring for roses does not take much time, but if all the norms are observed, the plant will be magnificent, will generously give flowering not only during the current season, it will winter well, and will delight in beauty next year.