How to care for pears in spring
Growing a pear that will give a great harvest is the dream of every summer resident. But not everyone succeeds. Modern varieties of pears are unpretentious and quickly begin to bear fruit. Most diseases bypass them. So what is the reason for failure? The fact is that pear farming is noticeably different from the rules for growing apple trees, and gardeners care for them the same way. In order to prevent annoying mistakes, let’s figure out what and how to do it right, and what to refuse.
Pear on the site: what you need to know
A pear, like any other fruit plant, needs to follow the rules of planting and good care. Each tree should have enough sunlight, moisture and nutrients. But even the best variety will not please the gardener if its winter hardiness does not match the climate. The first and most important rule: choose a variety that can overwinter on your site! Only such a tree can grow and bear fruit.
Pear planting and caring for a young tree
First, choose a place to land. It should be such that no shadow falls during the day. Even transparent penumbra can reduce yields by several times. If groundwater is too close to the surface, make hills at least 40 cm high, when planting on the bottom of the pit, lay drainage from gravel or pebbles with a layer of 12-15 cm.
When the seedlings are purchased, the site is selected and marked, it’s time to start planting. For each tree, make a planting hole at least 70 cm in diameter and 60 cm deep. If your site has poor soil, increase the hole to 1 wide. This will be enough for the pear to have good nutrition for the first three years.
Each type of soil will require a different amount of fertilizer. Make the soil nutritious, rich in organic matter.
After thoroughly mixing the soil with all the ingredients, check the acidity of the soil with a soil tester. The reaction should be neutral (pH 6.5-7.0). These are the optimal values for any pear variety. If the soil is too acidic, add a glass of dolomite flour.
To plant in a hole, pour the prepared nutrient mixture into 2/3 of the volume, make a hillock in the center, compact the soil and drive in a peg. It should be 30 cm higher than the seedling. Tie a young pear to a support, straighten the roots and fill in the remaining soil. For ease of watering, leave a side 2 cm high. After the earth settles. Add the desired layer.
The root neck should be at ground level. If the seedling has leaves, light shading will be required for the first 3-5 days.
Attention! Always observe the distance between plants, which can be found in the characteristics and description of each variety. Too dense planting significantly reduces the yield, makes it impossible to fully care for the crown, and makes it difficult to collect fruits.
Water young pears once a week, in extreme heat and dry 2 times a week. Mature trees need watering once a month.
How to care for a pear tree in spring
If you did not have time to whitewash the trunk in the fall, do it immediately after the snow melts. When the ground thaws, it is time to apply nitrogen fertilizers. For a pear, urea in the form of a solution is ideal. Proportions: 20 grams per 10 liters of water per 1 square meter of the circumferential circle.
When the leaves are sufficiently developed, and the buds are just beginning to appear, use complex fertilizers for fruit crops, which contain potassium and phosphorus. Carry out any top dressing with mineral fertilizers strictly in accordance with the instructions. There is no need to overfeed the trees. At best, this will lead to fattening of the shoots, at worst, the pear root system may suffer from an excess of chemicals, the tree will wither.
Organic fertilizers can be used for mulching (except bird droppings) or in liquid form no earlier than 14 days after the previous top dressing.
pear pruning in spring
Pear pruning is carried out annually, starting from the first year. This is a necessary measure aimed at limiting the growth of shoots, increasing yields, and improving the health of the plant. Spring pruning is carried out before the start of sap flow, when the snow has melted, the buds have not yet begun to swell.
In general, if you have properly formed the crown, it will not be thick and overly spreading. This guarantees good fruiting throughout the life of the tree.
When growing pears, planting and caring for which is not difficult, do not forget about protection from rodents. Mice are very fond of chewing on the bark, so the use of repellent drugs, protecting the trunk with a fine mesh for the winter will not be superfluous. A simple folk way works well. Place dried branches of bird cherry under the crown, stick into the soil. Mice won’t even come close. In winter, this method works worse, complex protection is needed.
Finally, I would like to note that increasing the winter hardiness of heat-loving crops is one of the main areas of work for breeders. Thanks to their efforts, many fruit trees are conquering new territories. We have collected for you the TOP 8 most frost-resistant varieties of pears.