Almost every novice summer resident or gardener once faces the question of laying out his own garden. It seems that there is nothing complicated in this — you planted trees, you take care of them and you get a harvest. But it’s not always so easy! Experienced gardeners know that trees of different species get along differently with each other. Some are very selfish and do not like the neighborhood of any trees, while others, on the contrary, get along well or even positively influence each other. In this article, we will find out which fruit trees can be planted nearby and which cannot.

Causes of plant incompatibility

The reasons for the competition of trees and shrubs can be very different. The most significant of them:

  • illumination;
  • the location of the roots;
  • plant nutrition;
  • allelopathy (interaction at the level of substances secreted by the roots);
  • common diseases and pests.

Let us consider in more detail the reasons for the compatibility of trees in the garden.

All plants need light. It is thanks to the light that the synthesis of organic compounds occurs, and as a result, the growth of the plants themselves and fruits occurs. Not all cultivated plants are shade-tolerant; most need plenty of direct sunlight. And this should be taken into account.

When placing trees on a garden plot, you need to have an idea about the height of an adult tree, the spreading of the crown and plant it so that the most undersized varieties do not end up in the shade of giant trees.

Another factor in the interaction of plants in the garden is the level of location of the root system. Most trees have a surface system. Therefore, when the roots of two different types of trees meet, direct competition of plants for nutrients begins. As a result of this invisible hostility, each of the plants receives less certain nutrients. And this, of course, affects the whole plant, its productivity.

It is also necessary to take into account the level of interaction of plants at the level of roots — chemical interaction (allelopathy). Perhaps it is he who is one of the most important and complex. The roots of all living plants secrete a whole cocktail of various organic substances that are needed to nourish and protect the plant. Some compounds secreted by the root help dissolve trace elements in the soil and facilitate their absorption by root hairs. Others help the roots interact with symbiotic fungi and bacteria. Still others serve as protection against various pathogens and competitors. It turns out that a tree, a bush or a simple blade of grass forms a certain phytogenic field in the ground, which can both oppress neighboring plants and stimulate their growth and development.

Another reason for the incompatibility of trees and shrubs is the presence of common diseases and pests. In some cases, it may be a question of a stronger attractiveness of certain plants for certain pests or diseases, which subsequently pass easily to other species. A striking example is viburnum or bird cherry. Aphids just love them! Therefore, planting these shrubs in the garden should be done with great care and constantly monitor the presence of pests.

Thanks to many years of observations of plants and research by scientists, it is possible to compile a table of compatibility of trees in the garden.

Table of compatibility of trees and shrubs in the garden

culture

High Compatibility

Low compatibility

Apple tree

Plum, raspberry

Cherry, sweet cherry, golden currant

Pear

Rowan, grapes

Cherry, plum, golden currant

Grape

Pear, apple, cherry, cherry

 

Cherry

Grape, cherry, plum, apple tree

Pear, currant

Plum

Apple tree, currant, raspberry, gooseberry

Pear, cherry, sweet cherry

Black currant

Apple tree

Plum, sweet cherry, cherry, raspberry, red currant

Red currants

gooseberry, cherry

Raspberry, black currant

Gooseberry

Cherry, red currant

Apple tree, raspberry, black currant

Raspberry

Apple tree

gooseberry, currant

Sea ​​buckthorn

 

All cultures

Examples of fruit and berry compatibility in the garden

Well, if your garden plot allows you to plant different garden trees and shrubs in separate groups. In this case, the competition between them will be minimal, which will undoubtedly have a positive effect on plant health and productivity. But in most cases, gardeners and summer residents do not have such areas, so you have to combine plantings. Below we will consider the rules for planting the main fruit trees in the garden.

The apple tree is the most common fruit tree in many gardens. It has a very strong superficial root system, therefore it actively competes with many stone fruit crops. More precisely, it deprives the neighbors of nutrients. The apple tree gets along well only with raspberries, the roots of which loosen the soil.

A pear, like an apple tree, is not a very hospitable neighbor. She does not like to grow next to the apple tree, stone fruits. She is not happy with raspberries and currants. The only friendly culture for her is mountain ash.

Cherries get along quite well with related cherries, as well as with plums. This tree has strong superficial roots, so it does not get along with garden shrubs — currants, gooseberries, raspberries.

Sea buckthorn is not exactly an unfriendly culture. She just has very long and powerful roots, giving a lot of shoots. Therefore, sea buckthorn is able to score almost any garden plant.

Despite the fact that black and red currants belong to the same species, it is difficult for them to get along together. But black currants are well compatible with golden currants. Also, do not plant raspberries next to currants. Raspberries are quite an aggressive plant and can suffocate currant bushes.

Gooseberries love sunlight very much, so you need to plant it in open, non-shaded areas. It cannot grow under trees. From garden shrubs, it is well compatible with red currants. With black gooseberries, a common pest is moths.

Raspberry is a plant with a very aggressive and strong root system, so it can destroy almost any bush. At the same time, it is very photophilous, so it will not grow well in the shade of large trees.

Grapes are a vine-like plant. Oddly enough, but he gets along well with many trees in the garden: pear, apple, cherry and cherry. Of course, if it is limited in growth and not allowed to strangle the trees with its uncontrollably growing lashes.

As you can see, the rules for the neighborhood and placement of plants in the garden are akin to a puzzle, by solving which the gardener correctly receives healthy trees and shrubs as a reward, and as a result, a rich harvest. We really hope that you will be able to understand all the intricacies of mutual likes and dislikes of your plants and lay a great garden! Good luck to you!

LEAVE A RESPONSE

Ваш адрес email не будет опубликован. Обязательные поля помечены *

Related Posts