Growing persimmons in Belarus: the best varieties

Sweet juicy persimmon, think only from the market? Not! We can grow this exotic in our own garden! Do not believe it seems like a fairy tale? Look in the catalog of our online store, which cold-resistant hybrid varieties have appeared recently. Breeders are constantly engaged in breeding plants with the desired qualities, in our case, this is the ability of subtropical crops to adapt to frost. Let’s figure everything out.

Persimmon belongs to the ebony family, which includes almost 300 species, but only three are of interest to us. These are Caucasian persimmon, persimmon virgin and oriental persimmon and of course artificially bred cultivars.

The most frost-resistant persimmon: description, varieties

The progenitors of modern varieties do not differ in survivability, the maximum winter hardiness is up to -17 degrees. Interspecific crossing gave an incredible result, young trees withstood frosts down to -26 degrees. Experiments were carried out in the USSR. In the Nikitsky Botanical Garden, work was in full swing to develop the best varieties in the world. The best you will find in our store:

  • Russian woman. The name itself suggests that the hybrid was bred for cultivation in areas where persimmon had never grown before. Initially, its winter hardiness was -26 degrees, an improved hybrid can withstand up to -35 degrees. Late-ripening variety with a weight of each fruit up to 200 grams, the taste is just great. The height of a sprawling tree is up to 6 meters. It bears fruit annually, the danger is frost during flowering at the end of May. A set of measures to protect the garden when the temperature drops solves this problem.
  • Wren. This tree is not only a fruit plant, but also a decoration of the garden. It is excellent during flowering and during fruit ripening. They are huge, weighing up to 250 grams of rich red color with brown flesh and excellent taste. Early ripe hybrid with winter hardiness up to -28 degrees. Tree height up to 4 meters.
  • Bull heart. You haven’t seen this yet! The record weight of sweet honey fruits is 500 grams, in shape and appearance they strongly resemble a popular tomato variety with the same name. Tree height 3-4 meters, winter hardiness up to -28 degrees. A self-fertile variety, which means even the only tree on the site, will give a rich harvest.
  • Of course, the cultivation of persimmons and a complex of agricultural practices require detailed study. Let’s figure out what this exotic culture needs for successful growth in our latitudes.

    Persimmon: outdoor cultivation

    Different varieties differ not only in the shape and size of the fruit, but also in flowers. Some representatives of this species can only have female flowers (Maru variety), which means that it must be planted with a pollinator, while others (Bull’s Heart) form female, male and even bisexual flowers. Such a tree can become a pollinator and bear fruit in a single planting. There are varieties on which female flowers form an ovary without pollination. These include the legendary Russian woman. The fruits simply will not have seeds. But the presence of a pollinator improves the taste of the crop.

    Planting a persimmon

    In warm climates, persimmons can be planted until November, in cold climates only in spring until the first half of June. If you purchased a seedling in the summer or fall, plant it in a container until spring. In this case, landing on a permanent basis is permissible only after the threat of return frosts has passed. Prior to this, grow persimmons indoors, on warm days take them outside for hardening.

    There is nothing special about planting persimmons, in fact it is a standard procedure suitable for all fruit crops, but there are special details. Pay close attention to the choice of location. The tree must be bathed in sunlight. It’s good if you can choose a site where there will be a tall building, a blank fence or trees on the north side. Cold winds for persimmons can be fatal. Landing near the south wall of a residential building is considered ideal, where the temperature is always slightly higher in winter.

  • A tree needs a planting hole 70 * 70 cm, 60 cm deep. Prepare a nutrient soil mixture consisting of two parts of leafy soil, one part of sand and one part of humus or compost and one part of sand. Lay 5 cm of gravel or pebbles at the bottom of the pit. This is necessary so that the water does not stagnate around the roots. Fill the hole with nutrient mixture.
  • Hammer a peg into the edge of the hole, and not into its center. Place the seedling so that the grafting site is 5-10 cm below the soil surface, tie. If the roots are twisted, straighten them very carefully, they are fragile. It remains to fill the roots with earth and pour so that dirt forms. This is necessary so that the fibrous rhizome is in full contact with the soil without air cavities.
  • When the soil is moderately moist, mulch the surface. Peat, sawdust, dry grass and straw will do, spud the seedling until the buds wake up.
  • When planting in spring, in case of frost threat, the plant can be covered with a cardboard box. In the autumn tree, whiten, cover with a box, lay thermal insulation on top, preferably with reflective properties. Polyethylene sheet foam with a foil surface is well suited. In persimmons, it is not the wood that suffers from frost, but the bark.

    While the tree is small, this is quite enough for it to successfully overwinter. 

    Further care and cultivation of persimmons is slightly different from most fruit trees.

    Persimmon: cultivation

    When the tree has already taken root in your area, you need to take care of the formation of the crown. Persimmon has one feature: in the absence of pruning, fruiting falls on the periphery and on the upper branches, which means that they will break under the load of fruits.

  • In the first year, cut the seedling at a height of 70 cm, in the second year, the upper shoot at a height of 1.5 meters, and the side shoots up to 50 cm in length. This will help form the skeletal branches.
  • To facilitate wintering, treat the trees with Mars or Vympel preparations strictly according to the instructions.
  • In August, apply potash fertilizers so that the wood is well formed, and stop watering a month and a half before winter. By frost, the persimmon will completely go into a state of rest.
  • In autumn, after the onset of frost, prepare the tree for winter. You cannot hide a large plant under a box, which means insulate the trunk and all skeletal branches with light material that will not heat up in the sun. Pay special attention to the place where the maximum snow depth is expected to be. During spring thaws, the bark gets wet and freezes 20 cm above and below the snow level. Tight wrapping with waterproof material solves this problem. Persimmon bears fruit on the shoots of the current year, so the freezing of thin branches does not lead to crop loss.

    We hope that you have found answers to all questions and received complete information about growing persimmons. Write in the comments about your experience, ask questions — we will be happy to help. 

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