Growing greens — calendar
Every gardener has a favorite herb. It diversifies the menu, supplies vitamins, improves the taste of dishes. Most green crops are easy to grow if you respect the sowing time. Our calendar will help you figure out when to plant greens.
Spicy greens can be eaten fresh, dried, canned, frozen, used in marinades, summer lemonades and aromatic teas. She is unpretentious, not afraid of heat and sudden cold snaps, droughts and rains. You can harvest it from early spring to late autumn.
Sowing spices for seedlings for an early harvest
The seedling method allows you to grow crops with a long growing season and get early products to the table.
Perennial thyme, also known as thyme or Bogorodskaya grass, is a favorite seasoning for all meat-eaters, which is often used in the preparation of pork and is considered an indispensable spice for rabbit meat. Thyme works best with seedlings. Sowing is carried out at a depth of half a centimeter. Seedlings dive in pots, planted in a garden bed at the age of 70 days according to the scheme 50 by 25 cm. Harvesting is possible at any time. For medicinal purposes, thyme is harvested during flowering in June-July.
Basil is a heat-loving plant, it does not tolerate temperatures below +6 ° C. To get an early harvest, basil is grown through seedlings. It is planted outdoors when the threat of frost has passed. Seeds are placed in grooves to a depth of 1 cm. Shoots appear very quickly — after 2-3 days. In the phase of 2-4 true leaves, they dive into cups. To extend the collection period, a bag of seeds can be divided into two parts: sow half in March on the windowsill, the rest — immediately to the garden at the same time as planting seedlings. Basil is grown in rows, the distance between the ribbons is 30 cm between plants 20-25 cm. Early ripe varieties are harvested after 40-50 days, mid-ripening — after 60-70 days, late — after 80-90 days.
Heat-loving perennial rosemary is grown for its greenery, which has a unique aroma. For the winter, the bushes must be covered. You can transplant a bush in the fall from the garden into a pot and send it to spend the winter on the windowsill. Rosemary is sown as early as possible, because the seeds germinate for 30 days or longer due to the high content of essential oils. Embedding depth — 2-3 mm. 30 days after germination, a pick is carried out. Seedlings can be sent to the garden when the temperature does not fall below 0 ° C. The landing pattern is 50 by 50 cm. The harvest begins to be harvested in July-August.
Annual fenugreek — the basis of the famous hops-suneli seasoning — is grown through seedlings and sown early in spring in the ground. Seeds are buried by 1.5-2 cm. Seedlings are planted in the garden in April. The distance between plants is 30 by 20 cm. 50-60 days pass from germination to harvest.
When to plant greens in open ground — sowing in the garden
Cold-resistant or early-ripening crops are sown with seeds in the ground. Many of them ripen in record time and become a source of ultra-early greens for the table. Before or after the onset of heat and long daylight hours, they can be sown several times.
Salad mustard produces tender leaves within 20-30 days after sowing. Seeds are buried in furrows to a depth of 0.5-1 cm with row spacing of 20 cm. The first sowing is done in April, then repeated after 10-12 days. Plants sown in August-September are gaining a great taste by October.
Salads are a group of annual cold-resistant vegetables that can withstand frosts down to -2 degrees. Sowing seeds in the ground is possible from the beginning of April. The depth of embedding into the soil is 1 cm. Crops can be dived. It is convenient to sow lettuce in batches in 2-3 weeks. The crop is harvested 5 weeks after the emergence of mass seedlings. Lettuce is pulled out with roots early in the morning or late in the evening — at this time the leaves are as elastic as possible.
Cold-resistant dill begins to germinate at a temperature of +5 ° C, seedlings tolerate frosts down to -6 degrees. Seeds are sown outdoors as soon as the soil dries out slightly after the snow melts. Planting depth — 1 cm, rows are laid every 10-15 cm. Thickened crops are strongly pulled up, the greens will not be fluffy. Therefore, it is better to thin out seedlings, leaving 3-5 cm between plants in a row. Harvesting is started before stalking begins. Early-ripening dill is cut after 20-30 days, mid-ripening — after 40-50, late — after 45-60. It is recommended to repeat the sowing every 2-3 weeks, so that a continuous flow of herbs comes to the table.
In mid-late April, parsley seeds are sown in grooves 1 cm deep. The distance between rows is 20 cm. Seedlings are thinned out, leaving 2 cm between plants. Depending on the air temperature, parsley will sprout in 1-3 weeks. Harvesting begins 2 months after sowing, when a sufficient number of leaves are formed on the stems. Harvesting greens can be continued until the first frost.
Arugula or indau is a fast-growing cold-resistant annual plant: only 20 days pass from germination to harvest. Sow in open ground or film shelter at several times: early spring, early July, August. The seeding depth is 1 cm, the scheme is 20 by 5 cm. Seedlings appear on the 6-7th day.
Sage is a spice that is added to marinades, used as a seasoning for dishes and as a medicine. The plant is perennial, it works well even for beginners. Sow in early spring in open ground or in early April in a greenhouse. Planting depth 3-4 cm, row spacing 50-60 cm. Seedlings can be transplanted to a permanent place in mid-late May. Plants will flower in their second year. You can collect leaves in the first year — 100 days after germination.
Next to the barbecue area there is always a place for perennial tarragon, from which the popular tarragon drink is made, and lovage, whose large bushes provide a very large amount of green mass for drying for the winter. Both herbs are a great addition to meat when fresh, and a bright winter spice when dried.
Winter sowing of spicy greens
Podzimny sowing frees up time in the spring and allows you to do without the hassle of seedlings. When to sow greens in open ground before winter? Not earlier than the temperature on the soil surface drops to 0. At this time, the beds are covered with the first snow and morning frosts begin. In autumn, you can sow sorrel, rhubarb, batun, chives, katran. Spicy herbs work well: mint, lemon balm, borage, cumin, lovage. November is the best time for sowing wild garlic. In winter, its seeds will undergo natural stratification and sprout together.
Dear friends! From the article you learned when to plant greens in the garden. Seeds of these and many other green crops are in our catalog. Tell us in the comments which of them you have already grown, and which ones are just going to? Find a couple of minutes for a short master class from our agronomist, which will teach you how to quickly and easily grow greens in a still empty spring greenhouse.