Grapes can be found in garden plots very often, because for many they are a favorite delicacy. Some gardeners are making good harvests, others are struggling year after year, but there is little sense. Inexperienced growers sometimes do not even suspect how important timely and competent pruning is to increase the yield of sunny berries. Therefore, today in the article we will consider in detail the algorithm for autumn grape pruning for beginners.

Grapes: from spring to autumn

If this article attracted your attention, it means that at least one vine with sunny berries grows on the site, and you thought about the need to cut the bush, about how and when to carry out this operation correctly.

Pruning grapes in autumn allows you to:

  • Remove weak and broken shoots, as well as diseased vines.
  • Get rid of young, unripe shoots that will not survive the winter. They are easily identified by the green color of the bark.
  • Form a compact bush shape, which will help increase the yield in the next season.
  • Without much difficulty to cover the bush from frost.

But there are also opponents of this pruning method, who believe that the bushes, preparing for winter, direct nutrients from the top of the vine to the roots, so an untimely or illiterate autumn pruning of grapes can greatly weaken the plants. The reserve of forces for a successful wintering can be significantly reduced, because it is difficult for a beginner to determine from which shoots the juices have already passed to the trunk.

In order to competently cut grape bushes in the autumn, you need to clearly understand what parts this bush consists of and what can be removed without harming the plant.

The structure of a grape bush: basic terms

  • Shtamb — a part of the main trunk, located directly above the soil to the first branching node. The shorter the bole, the more convenient it is to cover the plant for the winter, protecting it from frost.
  • Shoulders (sleeves) — perennial vines extending from the top of the trunk.
  • Horns are short two-year-old parts of the sleeves with replacement knots and mature annual fruit shoots.
  • Escape — one-year matured shoot (vine). The shoots are divided into the main ones, growing from the buds (eyes) on last year’s shoots, and stepchildren — the growths of the current year, appearing in the summer.
  • Tops are shoots that develop from dormant buds on sleeves or stems.
  • A replacement knot is a shoot shortened by 2-4 eyes that has grown in the current year. In the next season, a fruit link is formed from replacement knots.
  • The fruit link is a replacement knot paired with a fruit arrow (an annual shoot formed in the current year).

Terms and conditions for pruning grapes in autumn

It is necessary to start work on pruning the vines 2-3 weeks after leaf fall. Usually on grape bushes, leaves begin to fall off 2-3 weeks after harvest, but if there are still a lot of leaves at the time of cutting, they can be removed manually.

It is recommended to prune those bushes that the gardener plans to cover from frost. Usually, these works are usually planned for the second half of October or the beginning of October; in the south, grape pruning can be carried out from late October to late November, depending on weather conditions.

Uncovered grape varieties are more convenient to cut in the spring, because during the winter some shoots can receive mechanical damage from the weight of snowfall or frostbite.

Grapes in the fall: the basics of pruning for beginners

When pruning grapes, it is difficult for an inexperienced gardener to navigate how much to leave buds on the shoot, how long to shorten the vine, etc. Let’s look at everything in detail, but first you need to prepare a tool for work.

Important! For pruning grape bushes, it is recommended to prepare a sharp, clean tool.

How to prune grapes in the fall in the absence of experience? You can follow the following guidelines.

All shoots are cut to healthy living wood, it is easy to distinguish it, such branches have a light green color of the cut. The cut is carried out over the kidney, while it is very important to leave 1 to 2 cm of living tissue on top.

When pruning grape shoots, it is very important to leave the right amount of eyes on the flower arrows. For inexperienced gardeners, I want to offer this method — orientation by the diameter of the cut shoot.

Pruned vine diameter

The number of eyes left on the vine

5 mm

5 pieces.

6 mm

6 pcs.

7 to 8 mm

8 pcs.

9 mm

10 pieces.

10 mm

12 pcs.

11 mm

13 pcs.

12 mm

14 pcs.

Important! It should be remembered that the first pair of eyes on the pruned shoot may not be viable, new shoots from such buds may not develop. Grape care in autumn

In addition to autumn pruning, a number of other crop care activities are carried out during this period.

It is very important to prevent the development of possible infectious diseases, for which the bushes need to be treated with fungicides or insecticides. It is especially important to treat those bushes from pests and diseases that are planned to be insulated after pruning. If the storage is poorly ventilated, infectious diseases caused by fungi can develop, which will lead to dangerous problems in the next season.

The easiest way to prevent diseases is to treat grape bushes with iron sulphate, which is dissolved in hot water. The amount of the active substance varies depending on whether the grapes were sick with infectious diseases in the current season.

  • For grape bushes that have been ill in the summer, 500 g of iron sulfate are taken per 10 liters of water.
  • Adult healthy bushes are sprayed at the rate of 300 g of vitriol per 1 bucket of hot water.
  • Young bushes are treated with a solution at a concentration of 100 g of iron sulfate per 1 bucket of water.

In addition to iron sulphate, it is recommended to use fungicides to protect the vineyard from diseases: Oksihom, Ridomil, Topaz and others. The working solution is prepared in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations.

From pests, bushes are treated with insecticides or urea. You can immediately prepare a solution of iron sulfate and urea, adding the product in an amount of 100 to 300 g per bucket, depending on the health of the bush and the presence of pests in the vineyard this season.

Grape care from spring to autumn should be carried out constantly, therefore, after harvesting, it is recommended to fertilize the bushes with organic and inorganic compounds.

Organics (humus, manure, chicken manure infusion) are applied for digging from early to mid-September, and mineral fertilizers — in October.

In autumn, grapes need phosphorus and potassium — these substances help plants better prepare for wintering.

Approximate composition of minerals for autumn feeding of grapes on depleted soils:

  • Superphosphate — from 20 to 25 g.
  • Potassium salt — 10 g.
  • Boric acid — 1 g.
  • Zinc sulfate — 2 g.
  • Water — 10 liters.

If the soil is well fertilized, only ash or extract can be added under the grape bushes in autumn (300 g of ash powder is taken for 10 liters of water).

Planting grapes in autumn can be carried out in areas with a mild climate; in places with cold, harsh winters, this event is best planned for spring.

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