Traditionally, two planting dates are distinguished for fruit crops: early spring and early autumn. And gardeners, especially beginners, often ask themselves the question: when is it better to plant, what planting time is preferable? Let’s take a look and find the answer.

3 Benefits of Fall Planting

Planting trees and shrubs in autumn is convenient and profitable for several reasons, of which 3 main ones can be distinguished

  • saving time;
  • economy of forces;
  • saving money.

1. Enough time for everything

In the spring, the summer resident already has a lot of worries, so experienced gardeners try to transfer all possible work to autumn, and planting fruit crops is one of them. Moreover, spring is often fleeting: it seems that the snow has just melted, and everything around has already turned green and started to grow — this time of year leaves very little time for comfortable (for both the gardener and plants) planting work.

 

Planting in the fall is usually easier. Of course, autumn weather can be unpredictable, but in general, the time favorable for gardening is still longer than in spring, and you can have time to plant everything that is planned. The main thing is to calculate the timing in such a way that the planted trees and shrubs have time to take root before frost.

2. Less effort required

During spring planting, rather laborious care for seedlings is necessary: ​​regular watering, weed removal, shading from sunlight and protection from pests. And in autumn, a lot happens as if by itself: the grass no longer grows, so weeding is not needed; autumn rains will take care of moistening the soil; There are no pests, and you can not be afraid of the hot sun. The gardener only needs to prepare the planting hole well and water the seedling after planting.

3. It is easier and more profitable to buy high-quality planting material

In autumn, growers supply freshly dug seedlings for sale, which can be bought at competitive prices, often with seasonal discounts. Such planting material takes root well due to a healthy root system and accumulated nutrient reserves.

 

In addition, plants at this time of the year are already moving into a dormant state, which means that the seedling will not spend energy on growth, the formation of leaves and shoots, which will help it adapt faster after planting in a new place.

The main disadvantages of autumn planting

In cold regions, the main problem and the main drawback of autumn planting fruit trees is the high risks that winter frosts, winds, sudden thaws and other weather events bring with them, which are sometimes critical for adult trees, especially for immature seedlings.

In the southern regions, where winters are mild and spring is early, the autumn planting time is preferable for most crops, while in the northern regions, the gardener needs to make an informed decision based on local conditions.

Other dangers for young trees and shrubs are easier to prevent: put up protective barriers against rodents, which often damage the bark of seedlings; take care of protecting your territory in order to avoid theft (not only planting material, but also other garden property). But we have no power over the weather, and it is not always possible to provide plants with reliable protection from its vagaries.

What fruit crops are best planted in the fall

In a warm climate, there are practically no restrictions for autumn planting. In cold regions, only cold-resistant crops are planted in autumn, and it is better to postpone the planting of heat-loving fruit crops (cherries, cherries, apricots, plums, grapes, and others) until spring.

 

Autumn planting is optimal for berry bushes, which start growing early — sometimes even before the snow has completely melted. These include:

  • currants (black, red and white);
  • honeysuckle;
  • gooseberry.

 

When planted in spring, these crops can be difficult to adapt, their growth and development slow down, while plants planted in autumn immediately begin to grow in spring. You can also plant in the fall:

  • winter-hardy varieties of apple and pear trees;
  • raspberries;
  • chokeberry (chokeberry);
  • rowan ordinary;
  • some nut crops (for example, hazel).

Terms and rules of autumn planting fruit

The gardener needs to choose specific dates on his own, focusing on the characteristics of the local climate and weather forecasts. The main thing to take care of is that the seedlings should have enough time to take root before the ground freezes.

However, one should not rush either: the optimal time for planting is the time when the plants have a dormant time. The external sign of such a transition is leaf fall — you definitely won’t miss it; its completion also means the onset of the phase of biological dormancy in deciduous crops.

Fall plantings need to be planned well in advance. Planting pits are prepared 2-4 weeks before planting, so that the soil has time to settle. When planting, make sure that the root neck of the seedling is at the level of the soil. Be sure to water the planted plant well.

In areas with severe winters, it is recommended to abundantly mulch the tree trunks for additional protection of the root system from frost. It will also be useful to take care of protection against rodents — mice, hares and others.

What to do if you do not have time to plant on time

If it happens that you do not have time to plant the purchased plants on time, do not despair. There are many ways to save seedlings until spring — choose the right one.

Dig in the garden

The simplest and most reliable solution is to dig seedlings in the garden by digging a small trench for this. Seedlings are placed in it obliquely, sprinkled with soil and additionally covered with spruce branches to protect against rodents.

Store in the snow

This method is suitable if the ground is already frozen, and it is impossible to dig the plants. Packed (to protect against cold and excess moisture), seedlings are buried in snow, which provides them with the necessary constant temperature, protecting them from frost.

But this option should not be used if there are frequent thaws in your area in winter: melt water and an ice crust that forms on the snow after the return of frost will destroy the seedlings.

Store in the basement

This is a reliable and convenient, but rather laborious method. Suitable if you have storage where in winter the temperature does not drop below zero and does not rise above +10 degrees, and the air humidity is about 90%. The roots of seedlings must be placed in a moist substrate (sawdust, peat, etc. are suitable) and watered at least once every 10 days.

 

Autumn planting of fruit trees is convenient for the gardener and comfortable for seedlings, so you should not postpone the selection and purchase of planting material until spring.

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