Fertilizers for roses in spring: how to feed the queen of flowers
The threat of a return frost is finally behind us. Roses, like other perennial shrubs, were freed from protective shelters. Plants get used to the new conditions of existence and are preparing to increase the green mass. If fertilizer is applied in time for roses in the spring, they will quickly restore their strength, begin to develop, and in the summer they will thank their owners with lush flowering.
Why do you need to feed roses in spring
Spring dressing of roses is considered the main one, because it helps the plant cope with the following problems:
Weakened after hibernation, the plant needs strength to turn into a beautiful, healthy and luxuriantly flowering bush.
A poor diet can exacerbate the stressful state of the crop during the spring temperature difference.
In the spring, harmful bacteria, viruses, fungal spores and dangerous insects awaken, the attacks of which are easier to repulse a strong plant.
Pruning, which is subjected to a bush to stimulate its subsequent active development, cannot be performed if there is a threat to its life. Without proper feeding, pruning is simply dangerous.
Roots cannot feed indefinitely from the soil. Over time, the earth’s resources are depleted. Fertilizers help replenish nutrient stores.
If a rose bush is facing a nutritional deficiency, it is immediately noticeable in its appearance. His shoots become thinner, they bend. Foliage turns pale and yellow. The development of the shrub slows down, it grows worse. Obviously, the rose is in dire need of nutrition.
How to feed roses in spring
The florist’s arsenal usually contains organic fertilizers, mineral preparations and folk remedies. We offer a description of the maximum number of possible feeding methods, so that you have plenty to choose from.
Effective organic fertilizers
The benefits of organics are obvious: these fertilizers, safe for humans and the environment, increase soil fertility, reduce the number of weeds and allow beneficial worms to multiply more actively. In the spring, you can widely apply a variety of organic fertilizers.
Rotted manure or humus is the most useful fertilizer for rose bushes. During the spring, it is recommended to make it twice:
during the swelling of the kidneys;
two weeks after the first feeding.
Manure consumption depends on the age of the plant: 1.5 kg is enough for a young rose, and 3 kg for an adult. Before use, manure should be poured with water in a ratio of 1:10, mixed and left to infuse for a week. The solution is then stirred again and diluted again with water, doubling the volume. We got the mullein ready to eat.
Bird (chicken) droppings
In fresh or undiluted form, litter cannot be applied: like mullein, it can burn the roots of the plant.
It is necessary to dilute litter with cold water correctly:
fresh — in a ratio of 1:20;
dry — in a ratio of 1:10.
The resulting mixture is left to infuse for 5-7 days, stirred and diluted with water again. This time in a ratio of 1:3. The working solution is ready.
Roses equally well perceive both dry wood ash and its solution.
Dry ash can simply be poured into the near-trunk circle and sealed into the soil.
To prepare the solution, you need 200-300 g of ash per 10 liters of water. The mixture is shaken, let it brew for a while, then mixed again and used for irrigation.
If you need to feed the plant in a foliar way, 2 cups of ash are poured into a liter mug and diluted with water. The resulting mass is left to infuse for 3 hours, and then poured into 10 liters of water and used.
Ash is safe, effective and easy to use.
The best mineral preparations
Mineral preparations should be used with caution, because exceeding the dose recommended by the manufacturer will not benefit the plant. Before using a particular chemical, carefully read the instructions for it.
Ammonium nitrate (ammonium nitrate)
The composition of this tool includes sulfur and nitrogen. Often it is used in a mixture with potash and phosphorus fertilizers. 30 g of saltpeter are dissolved in 10 liters of water. The effective consumption of the solution is 0.5 buckets per plant.
Urea is a nitrogen fertilizer that promotes the growth of green mass, which is used to care for roses only in spring. Carbamide is used for root dressing in liquid and dry form. It is also used for foliar top dressing.
Phosphorus fertilizer — superphosphate
How to spray roses in spring? Superphosphate is best suited for foliar feeding. In 1 liter of hot water dissolve 2 tbsp. l of superphosphate and, after cooling, use the resulting solution for spraying foliage. Processing is carried out before the start of the budding stage.
Potassium nitrate and potassium sulfate
Potassium is also a microelement necessary for the plant at the stage from leaf formation to budding. To prepare the working fluid, 25 g of potassium nitrate or 40 g of potassium sulfate are added to 10 liters of water. Rose bushes are watered with one of the resulting solutions.
The budding period is the time for the use of complex chemicals, in the name of which the word «ammophoska» appears. It is recommended to use special products for roses.
Win-win folk remedies
To the question of how to feed roses to improve their growth, there will always be an answer from flower growers — practitioners. Folk remedies for feeding are the result of their curiosity and life experience.
The peel of a banana, like the banana itself, contains many useful substances that need to be used for good. Banana skins are poured with boiling water and left to infuse for 3 days. The strained liquid is watered over the bushes.
Yeast as a biostimulant
The composition of the original concentrate includes 100 g of fresh (or 10 g of dry) yeast, 2 tsp. sugar and 1 liter of warm water. As soon as the yeast «wakes up» and the liquid foams, it is diluted five times, and then used for irrigation. This top dressing strengthens the roots of the plant, helps in the process of budding and increases the immunity of the rose. But it will only work at a stable temperature of + 20 ºC.
A decoction for spraying bushes is prepared from 100 g of husk and 4 liters of water. The husk is poured with water and boiled for 10 minutes. The cooled broth can be used before the formation of buds for the prevention of diseases and attacks on roses by garden pests.
You will always find a wide range of mineral fertilizers and seedlings of various roses in the Becker catalog. Order from us quality goods with fast delivery.