feed the roses
Luxurious, fragrant with an enveloping and intoxicating aroma, a rose garden is quite capable of growing in a private garden, without the expensive services of gardeners. Despite the whims of the “queen of flowers”, you can “agree” with her: you give her care and timely care, she gives you her splendor and delights of you and those around them. So what are the terms of the deal? Top dressing! Regular and smart.
Why do roses need spring feeding?
Roses are fed root and foliar, in spring and summer. In the spring, fertilizers help the plant begin its growth, making the most of the potential laid down during the autumn top dressing. An important role is played by the choice of nutrients, their proportions and the sequence of application.
What fertilizers are used for spring top dressing of roses?
Fertilizers for lush flowering of roses are of two types:
Rational, top dressing will be only in the case of a combination of both types of substances that complement and enhance each other’s actions.
Roses are nourished by minerals, but their absorption by the plant is completely dominated by slowly decomposing organic matter. In this regard, experts recommend first making the mineral complex, and then activating it with organic top dressing.
Useful articles about roses:
Spring planting of roses: a step-by-step plan of action
Roses and frost: how to save a rose garden in cold winters
Pruning rose bushes
The impact of minerals on the rose bush
For spring top dressing of roses, a complex of minerals is used, including:
- Phosphorus is a substance responsible for high-quality and abundant flowering. Responds to the formation and number of flower buds and flower stalks themselves.
- Magnesium — plays an important role in the laying and development of a rose bud.
- Potassium — without this substance, the rose does not absorb phosphorus.
- Nitrogen — forms the stems and leaves of the rose bush. Exceeding the norm of nitrogen in the complex addressed to the rose will lead to a violent growth of the green mass of the rose and the absence of peduncles.
- Iron is a key element that allows the rose to resist chlorosis, a devastating disease of the species.
- Other additional trace elements that play an auxiliary role in the life of the plant.
How to apply mineral fertilizers?
Mineral fertilizers are most conveniently applied in the form of a solution. For its preparation, a complex of substances is dissolved in water, sold in the form of:
- liquid concentrate.
The proportions of the solution are indicated in each case, they vary depending on the form of release and the composition of the fertilizer.
Important! A solution of mineral fertilizers is applied under the root system of the rose only after the soil has been thoroughly moistened. Otherwise, the root system of the plant is threatened with a serious burn.
Don’t forget to mulch! After making a complex of minerals, the soil around the rose is mulched. This manipulation not only gives the rose bush neatness and aesthetics to the flower bed, but also allows the spring soil to maintain the required level of humidity and warmth as much as possible.
Features of the introduction of organic dressings
At the second stage of dressing, the rose is fertilized with organic matter. Compost has the optimal organic composition for roses. It is scattered around the rose bush, covering it with a soil substrate or dry bark. At the same time, organic matter should not be in direct contact with the base of the bush and its trunk.
Important! When choosing an organic fertilizer, you should categorically refuse fresh litter. In this form, organics are extremely toxic to roses.
But nevertheless, in terms of its composition, chicken manure is excellent for roses, since it contains potassium, nitrogen, and calcium in a huge concentration. To use it, the manure is dried or mixed with tree bark, straw, sawdust or peat and, within a few months, compost is prepared based on it.
The main secret of abundant and lush flowering roses
The optimal ratio of nutrients for a rose cannot be prescribed on an average. Features of the variety, varieties, climatic and soil conditions, and even the characteristics of spring weather affect the need of the «Queen of the Garden» for certain fertilizers.
Spring feeding of your rose is a huge field for your own experiments and empirical breeding, based on analysis and observation, a unique formula for magnificent, abundant flowering!