Distillation of bulbous flowers
Every day the nights get longer and the days get colder. In autumn, you want bright colors and a holiday, albeit within the same apartment. How to cheer yourself up and diversify the same gray everyday life? Of course flowers. Just imagine autumn outside the window, winter will come soon, and bright buds of spring flowers will begin to bloom on your windows just in time for the New Year.
WHAT IS FORCATION AND WHAT FLOWERS CAN BE PLANTED FOR THE NEW YEAR
Forcing is a set of measures necessary to speed up the growing season. With the help of distillation, you can make plants bloom at any time of the year. As a rule, flowers with a short awakening period are suitable for forcing, which is very convenient when preparing gifts for the holidays, for example, for the New Year. Bulbous and small-bulbous plants differ in an accelerated growing season: hyacinths, daffodils, tulips, muscari, crocuses, pushkinias. Almost all bulbous plants intended for forcing are amenable to general rules, the difference is only in terms and growing conditions.
5 IMPORTANT RULES FOR FORCING BULBS
It is not difficult to grow flowering plants for the holiday, just follow our recommendations:
- Bulbs for distillation must be prepared — fed, treated for pests and diseases. Bulbs should not be damaged.
- The choice of variety — this must be taken into account, since each variety has a different forcing time.
- Create conditions for ideal growth: organize suitable soil, watering, free arrangement in pots, etc.
- Observe the regime of «winter» and spring, as their alternation is necessary in order to avoid unpleasant surprises.
- Lighting. To do this, you need phytolamps or ordinary energy-saving ones. Due to the fact that forcing crops have a long daylight hours (12 hours), you should not rush to turn off the lamps at dusk. Instead, stick to your schedule strictly.
BULB FLOWERS AND FORCATION CONDITIONS
Tulips. For them, the main thing is to choose high-quality planting material and provide conditions for artificial lighting. For winter distillation, onions with a diameter of 12 + mm and a weight of no more than 25 g are chosen. Because if a large and heavy bulb comes across, this means that a flower bud is already laid in it. In order for tulips to please with their flowering for the New Year, it is necessary to plant tulips already in early September.
Hyacinths. At the beginning of September, bulbs are selected and planted in pots. The bulb is deepened a little, while leaving at least a third of it on the surface. The bulbs are kept in the refrigerator on the vegetable shelf until shoots appear, at a temperature of no more than 12 degrees. After that, the bulbs are transferred to a lighted place, but they try to keep as far as possible from heating devices.
Crocuses. For autumn planting, large flowers are used due to the fact that botanical varieties will look too modest. To get the best effect in one pot, you can grow several bulbs at the same time. Crocuses can be kept in the basement at a temperature of +6 degrees, while the bulbs are taken out into the light when the seedlings reach 5 cm.
Daffodils. Preparing for forcing daffodils takes the least time. Bulbs choose at least 60 g, large, without damage. The process of forcing daffodils is almost no different from hyacinths — pots with bulbs are kept in a cold place at a temperature of 5-8 degrees, periodically watered. When the sprouts reach a height of 10 cm, the container can be moved to the windowsill.
Pushkinia, muscari and other small-bulbous flowers are easy to distill, which boils down to a general principle. The bulbs are planted in a container at the beginning of September, overexposure in a cold room, then moving to a lighted place after the sprouts appear, but not in the sun.
HOW TO PLANT AND CARE
After you have decided on the planting material, it’s time to start preparing the container and soil. The size of the pot will depend on the size of one (or more) bulbs. It should be borne in mind that the bulbs should not touch the walls and each other. The soil must be moisture-absorbing and breathable. You can take garden soil or a mixture of peat and sand. During the stratification period, forcing crops need to be in a cool, dark place. Before the sprouts appear, it is necessary to organize economical watering, and during the growing season — intensive, in order to prevent the soil from drying out. Each plant has a different forcing time. On average, it varies from 8 to 14 weeks. During the stratification period, the bulbs are in the dark.
How long will it take to bloom after being exposed to light?
14 — 20 weeks
20 – 30 days
15 – 18 weeks
20 – 30 days
12 — 15 weeks
10 – 15 days
10 – 12 weeks
10 – 15 days
small bulbous flowers
12 — 14 weeks
10 – 12 days
As you can see, creating your own flowering garden for the New Year is not difficult. It is enough to organize a “winter” for the bulbs in the refrigerator, cellar or garage, and “spring” on your windowsill. Try our tips to help you.