Cucumbers at home — varieties and secrets of growing

A herbaceous annual with delicious fragrant pumpkins, which we all call cucumbers, grows well and bears fruit in the open field during the warm season. But if you miss the summer harvest, you can arrange an indoor vegetable garden on the windowsill. To do this, use our useful tips for growing cucumbers at home!

What cucumbers to grow at home on the windowsill

It is best to plant parthenocarpic varieties indoors, as they self-pollinate without the participation of bees or humans. Fortunately, the selection offers a wide range of such hybrids:

  • Room F1. Weakly climbing, precocious and ultra-compact — especially for the windowsill. Cucumbers grow up to 15 cm long and do not outgrow for a long time, even if you harvest irregularly.
  • Balcony miracle F1. A medium-sized, slightly climbing variety with a bundle arrangement of ovaries (3-4 per node). Fits well even under stress. Resistant to powdery mildew.
  • Home miracle F1. Low-growing hybrid (up to 1.5 m), which tolerates shade very well. From one bush you can collect up to 12 kg of young cucumbers.
  • Garland F1. Famous for its ability to form garlands of ovaries. It develops well in short day conditions, so plant all year round. This medium-sized, low-branching hybrid doesn’t need to be pinched every week!
  • Stunt F1. Compact, short cultivar. There are no voids and bitterness in the fruits. Valuable for early fruiting and extended yield. Differs in high resistance to diseases and to adverse environmental factors.
  • Handsome Hikmet F1. One of the few varieties of cucumbers that normally bear fruit at home even in the shade. If you want to get a big harvest, pick the fruits on time.
  • Gift F1. One of the most precocious representatives of the genus — 38-39 days. Unpretentious, curls well on the trellis. The fruits are long (up to 15 cm) and very crispy, good fresh and canned.
  • City Gherkin F1. A real miracle at home, as it is specially bred for indoor conditions and loggias. It is distinguished by increased shade tolerance and resistance to diseases — brown spot, cucumber mosaic, powdery mildew.
  • Dynamite F1. Strongly climbing, a variety that will have to be carefully tied up, but the yield is simply explosive — up to 7 kg per bush. An adult plant normally tolerates a lack of light and temperature changes.
  • Home miracle F1. Another early ripe variety, planting which, after 40 days you can try the first greens. Bonus — they are even suitable for pickling!

Planting cucumbers at home

For planting, if possible, select a window on the east or south side of the house. Sow the seeds as usual, according to the instructions on the package, preferably in special peat pots to reduce stress on the roots when transplanting seedlings into a pot. When two true leaves grow on the seedlings (cotyledons do not count!), transplant together with an earthen clod into a large container (about 8 liters). Even indoor cucumbers grow well only if the roots are free. Do not forget to arrange drainage at the bottom from a layer of large expanded clay.

Ordinary earth from the garden will not work, as it will quickly stick together into a dense lump around the roots, limiting air exchange. In addition, you risk infecting young plants with viruses and bacteria. Do not risk it, buy special soil for vegetable crops. It has already added the necessary nutrients and baking powder — perlite, peat, coconut husks, etc.

Useful tips for growing cucumbers at home

  • Watering. Organize regular watering — water from above at the root (2-3 cm layer of water) about once a week. If available, use a drip irrigation system. Remember, lack of moisture will cause bitterness in the peel.
  • Tying up. Do not wait for the bushes to grow adults, tie up the whips as they grow every 15-20 cm in length. Use for these purposes a high lattice (up to 80 cm) or ordinary twine tied to a hook in the ceiling.
  • Fertilizers. As a top dressing, use biological preparations based on biohumus (Humate +7), as well as long-acting mineral complexes (Organic Mix for cucumbers). Be sure to fertilize plants during flowering and mass formation of fruits. This will prevent the color and ovaries from falling off.
  • The ideal temperature is +24…+27 °C. But even if the air in the apartment is +22 ° C, this is quite enough for adult plants. In the meantime, the seedlings are growing, heat the room to at least +24 ° C.

Maximum attention to lighting

For normal fruiting on the windowsill, cucumbers, especially during the period of active growth and in conditions of short daylight hours in winter, need daily illumination with a fluorescent phytolamp of a full spectrum of colors. Turn on artificial lighting at a height of 30 cm above the plants, ideally in winter for 12 hours a day. In spring and autumn, depending on the length of daylight hours — 5-8 hours each.

And, finally, the main secret of the winter garden on the windowsill is that the air humidity for cucumbers should be at least 70-80%, and in the flowering phase — 55-60%. Near the radiator, it does not rise above 30%, so be sure to use a regular household humidifier. And the plants are healthy, and it’s good for you!

You are armed with knowledge on growing cucumbers at home. It’s time to act! If you have any questions, ask our agronomist in the chat on the website or in Becker’s social networks.

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