Columnar fruit trees appeared relatively recently, it all started with a single mutation, later breeders came to grips with the breeding of various species and varieties. Now this direction is actively developing. Despite the relatively short life span of such plants, their planting is fully justified.

 You can find seedlings of columnar trees in our catalog. How are they different from normal ones? It’s simple, these trees are devoid of a spreading crown. On a straight trunk, you can see short side shoots that do not have branches and do not develop into full-fledged skeletal branches.

Benefits of columnar trees

Columnar trees have qualities peculiar only to them. They take up little space, which is very beneficial for small areas. You can plant such trees along the fence, in a row, like raspberries or single specimens in a free corner of the garden.

Modest dimensions make it possible to collect a collection of different species or varieties in one area. For example, early-ripening apple trees, mid-ripening and winter varieties for storage can be planted in one row.

Columnar trees practically do not form a shadow, their height rarely exceeds 2.5 meters. That allows you to plant any crops nearby with them. It is better to leave a near-stem circle within a radius of 50 cm clean, and sow spicy herbs nearby, any plants other than root crops.

The surface root system makes it possible to grow columnar trees in areas with close groundwater. With the likelihood of surface stagnation of water, trees are planted on a mound.

Columnar seedlings of fruit trees on our website

Winter hardiness always remains the basis for choosing a variety or species. Columnar trees have one feature: they are easy to cover for the winter, which can save the garden in case of abnormal frosts.

  • Columnar apple trees simply amaze with their productivity. Despite its modest size, up to 20 kg of ripe fruits can be harvested from one tree, and you can easily find the best summer, autumn and winter varieties. The columnar apple trees Amber Necklace, Chervonets, Currency and Arbat are considered the best in terms of winter hardiness and productivity.
  • Columnar pears are not inferior to ordinary varieties in terms of crop quality, so the Honey pear pleases with fruits weighing up to 400 grams with a yield of up to 20 kg per plant, Decora and Emerald are able to withstand frosts down to -35 degrees, and Carmen surprises with a rich red color of fruits. And how sweet, juicy and fragrant they are! What else is needed?
  • Columnar apricots with unique frost resistance down to -35 degrees can be grown in areas where this crop does not withstand frost, small trees are very easy to insulate for the winter. The Sally variety yields up to 20 kg per bush, the Gold variety has a high commercial quality, and the plum-apricot Masterpiece will delight you with the largest fruits weighing up to 90 grams!
  • Columnar peaches are famous for their fruits. The sweetest crop yields Fig variety. The anniversary of the Capital was just a gift for climatic zones with harsh winters, its frost resistance is up to -34 degrees! The Steinberg variety is famous for its high yield.
  • The columnar nectarine is designed for those who cannot grow heat-loving crops in the garden. Varieties Rubis and Mr. Percy can be cultivated as container plants, which means that they are not threatened with freezing in winter, it is enough to bring containers or tubs into a cool room for the whole winter. The largest fruit comes from the Fantasia variety, 190 grams of pure taste pleasure in each fruit!
  • Columnar plums are a rainbow of flavors! The bright red, super-sweet Ruby Plum fruits pair so beautifully with the orange Mirabelles and the blue-purple Imperials! All these varieties are early ripe, they can be planted on one small plot of land, winter hardiness -32 degrees gives new opportunities to residents of regions with cold winters.
  • The columnar cherry during the fruiting period is simply strewn with berries, and during the flowering period it is fabulously magnificent! It can be grown as a fruit and as an ornamental plant. The winter hardiness of columnar plants is not inferior to ordinary varieties, and the berries are not inferior in taste at all. The main thing is that you can plant such a tree on a site where there is no room for a spreading crown. The Helena variety will give up to 17 kg of berries from one plant, the yellow columnar cherry is ideal as a dessert for allergy sufferers, and the pink one will surprise you with variegated fruits.
  • The columnar cherry seems to be tiny compared to the usual varieties, but the yield shows that the profitability of their cultivation is quite high. Cherries Rapture and Malyutka have high frost resistance from -36 to -38 degrees, and they are also excellent container plants. Curly can boast of complete self-fertility, which means that even a single tree will produce a full crop.
  • Gather a complete collection of all types on your site so that you can enjoy the most delicious fruits from your own garden all summer long.

    Columnar seedlings: planting

    The rules for planting seedlings of columnar trees differ little from planting ordinary varieties, except that the depth of the pit is slightly less. The roots are located superficially, so a depth of 35–40 cm is sufficient. If the site has fertile soil, the pit can be small, 40 * 40 in size, on sandy loam, sandy and heavy clay soils, a planting pit of 70 * 70 cm will be required. a mixture of leafy soil, peat, humus and coarse sand in a ratio of 2 * 1 * 1 * 1. A peg 50-60 cm high is hammered into the center of the pit, pebbles or broken bricks are laid on the bottom. In the center of the pit, a hill is poured with a peak near the peg, then the seedling is carefully tied to the support. The roots need to be spread on the slopes. It remains to pour the top layer of earth and water well. Mulching the surface of the soil will help retain moisture and get rid of weeds for a long time.

    Important! The root neck of all crops should be at ground level! Its deepening is fraught with the death of the plant or a large delay in the onset of flowering. Pruning columnar trees

    After planting and during the first three years, seedlings of columnar fruit trees do not need pruning unless absolutely necessary. Only sanitary pruning is carried out. If the tops are frostbitten, they are cut to healthy wood. In the spring, you need to choose the most developed replacement shoot.

    All side shoots are cut to a length of 1-2 cm, 2 healthy buds should remain on the stump. The growth of the trunk should not be limited, its pruning stimulates the appearance of developed side shoots.

    It should be noted that the small height of columnar trees makes it possible to grow them not only in open ground, but also in a limited space. If you have a veranda, patio, or balcony, you can grow a tree in a large container. Read about the secrets of growing columnar trees in containers in our material.


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