Columnar trees: types, planting, care
Columnar fruit trees appeared relatively recently, it all started with a single mutation, later breeders came to grips with the breeding of various species and varieties. Now this direction is actively developing. Despite the relatively short life span of such plants, their planting is fully justified.
You can find seedlings of columnar trees in our catalog. How are they different from normal ones? It’s simple, these trees are devoid of a spreading crown. On a straight trunk, you can see short side shoots that do not have branches and do not develop into full-fledged skeletal branches.
Benefits of columnar trees
Columnar trees have qualities peculiar only to them. They take up little space, which is very beneficial for small areas. You can plant such trees along the fence, in a row, like raspberries or single specimens in a free corner of the garden.
Modest dimensions make it possible to collect a collection of different species or varieties in one area. For example, early-ripening apple trees, mid-ripening and winter varieties for storage can be planted in one row.
Columnar trees practically do not form a shadow, their height rarely exceeds 2.5 meters. That allows you to plant any crops nearby with them. It is better to leave a near-stem circle within a radius of 50 cm clean, and sow spicy herbs nearby, any plants other than root crops.
The surface root system makes it possible to grow columnar trees in areas with close groundwater. With the likelihood of surface stagnation of water, trees are planted on a mound.
Columnar seedlings of fruit trees on our website
Winter hardiness always remains the basis for choosing a variety or species. Columnar trees have one feature: they are easy to cover for the winter, which can save the garden in case of abnormal frosts.
Gather a complete collection of all types on your site so that you can enjoy the most delicious fruits from your own garden all summer long.
Columnar seedlings: planting
The rules for planting seedlings of columnar trees differ little from planting ordinary varieties, except that the depth of the pit is slightly less. The roots are located superficially, so a depth of 35–40 cm is sufficient. If the site has fertile soil, the pit can be small, 40 * 40 in size, on sandy loam, sandy and heavy clay soils, a planting pit of 70 * 70 cm will be required. a mixture of leafy soil, peat, humus and coarse sand in a ratio of 2 * 1 * 1 * 1. A peg 50-60 cm high is hammered into the center of the pit, pebbles or broken bricks are laid on the bottom. In the center of the pit, a hill is poured with a peak near the peg, then the seedling is carefully tied to the support. The roots need to be spread on the slopes. It remains to pour the top layer of earth and water well. Mulching the surface of the soil will help retain moisture and get rid of weeds for a long time.
Important! The root neck of all crops should be at ground level! Its deepening is fraught with the death of the plant or a large delay in the onset of flowering. Pruning columnar trees
After planting and during the first three years, seedlings of columnar fruit trees do not need pruning unless absolutely necessary. Only sanitary pruning is carried out. If the tops are frostbitten, they are cut to healthy wood. In the spring, you need to choose the most developed replacement shoot.
All side shoots are cut to a length of 1-2 cm, 2 healthy buds should remain on the stump. The growth of the trunk should not be limited, its pruning stimulates the appearance of developed side shoots.
It should be noted that the small height of columnar trees makes it possible to grow them not only in open ground, but also in a limited space. If you have a veranda, patio, or balcony, you can grow a tree in a large container. Read about the secrets of growing columnar trees in containers in our material.