Clematis: rules for planting, care and pruning

Clematis is a magnificently flowering decorative vine that can transform your garden, hiding fences and unsightly blank walls from the eyes behind a floral carpet, twisting gazebos, pergolas, arches. Clematis amaze with their variety of colors and shades, they can be grown as a bush, in open ground, in containers on verandas and outdoor patios.

Depending on your needs, you can choose varieties of large-flowered and few-flowered, shade-loving, drought-resistant, frost-resistant, early- and late-flowering varieties. The whole variety of choices is adequately presented in the catalog of seedlings of the Becker online store.

Features of planting clematis

You can plant clematis in any part of the site, you just need to correctly choose the appropriate plant variety. It is better if this place is protected from wind, drafts and generously illuminated by the sun for six hours. To exclude moisture stagnation, a place is chosen on a hill or artificially arranged.

  • Soils for planting are best chosen with a neutral, slightly acidic or alkaline reaction. Ideal — fertile, loose soils.
  • The average size of the planting hole is 60x60x60 cm, for heavy soils the proportions are increased by 10 cm, for light soils they are reduced by the same amount.
  • The soil layer for filling is made up of 1-2 buckets of humus, 50-100g of superphosphate or nitrophoska, 2 cups of ash.
  • The root is straightened, arranging at the bottom, on an earthen mound and carefully falling asleep, delicately tamping.
  • The neck of the seedling is buried 5 cm below the surface.
  • The surface is mulched with peat or sawdust.
  • Water thoroughly.
  • Around the seedling arrange a hole for watering.
  • Shoots after planting are cut to 2-4 buds.
  • Install supports (from 1.5 to 3 m).
  • Tip: plant Chernobrivtsy (marigolds) or calendula at the foot of clematis, these flowers will protect the root system from overheating, scare away pests, exuding specific substances and add even more decorativeness to your plantings.

    plant care

    The first two years of clematis need especially careful care, which includes:

  • Regular abundant watering 1-2 times a week.
  • Pruning (strong pruning during this period contributes to the good development of the root system of the plant).
  • Garter (shoots during a period of strong growth are tied up every 2-3 days).
  • Top dressing (once a week).
  • Top dressing clematis

    Clematis respond extremely gratefully to fertilization, as evidenced by generous or, on the contrary, poor flowering. For top dressing use the following compositions:

  • 15 grams of a complex of mineral fertilizers per 5 liters of water per 1 sq.m.
  • A solution of mullein with water 1:10.
  • Wood ash 1 cup per plant.
  • Shelter of clematis for the winter

    Clematis is a southern plant that needs careful shelter for the winter. However, in our gardens and household plots, many adapted hybrids and frost-resistant varieties are bred, which are quite capable of surviving frosts without extraordinary warming.

    In most cases, clematis is cut by one third or simply folded into rings, laid on the ground, covered with spruce branches, boxes or a 20-30 cm layer of sawdust, foliage, and even just earth.

    After snow falls, the shelter is additionally sprinkled with a snowdrift. Siberian clematis is completely left without shelter, since it can withstand colds down to -30 C.

    Planting clematis in containers

    Clematis are perfect for vertical gardening of verandas, terraces, balconies and loggias. In our catalog you can choose such popular varieties as «Multi Blue», «President» for container planting.

    For growing in containers:

  • Choose wooden boxes 65 cm high and 45×30 cm in size.
  • By means of the support legs, the container is raised above the surface by 3-5 cm and placed in the pallet.
  • Substrate: 4 parts of earth, 2 parts of rotted manure or compost, 1 part of peat and sand, half a glass of superphosphate and lime.
  • Be sure to install supports for shoots.
  • Watering and fertilizing plants in containers is more plentiful than garden ones.
  • Provide sufficient insolation and ventilation.
  • Transplant to a new container every 2-3 years.
  • Features of growing clematis in the northern regions

    Abundant and beautiful flowering of clematis can also be obtained in areas in the cold regions of Belarus. To do this, you should choose the right plant varieties. Frost-resistant varieties are suitable, for example, Ernest Markham, Violetta Pink, Jacqueman, Crystal Fountain.

    Planting clematis, taking into account the climate, is best done in the spring, but otherwise, caring for the plant during the short Siberian summer is no different from the traditional one.

    As you can see, the cultivation of clematis is quite feasible and pays off with a huge flowery abundance. Pink, blue, purple and purple stars of inflorescences of various sizes are capable of replacing entire flower beds and flower beds with their generous and colorful round dance, saving space for growing other crops. Choose the best varieties of clematis at Becker!


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