Classes and groups of tulips: an understandable classification
Tulips are so diverse that it is difficult to choose a variety. Usually everyone likes it, so flower growers leaf through catalogs in search of a pet. Before buying, it will be useful to familiarize yourself with the characteristics of the species, the timing of flowering and the rules of care. Elite varieties require an annual transplant, and simple tulips can be left in one place for up to four years. Knowledge will help to correctly combine plants, create magnificent landscape compositions. The basis for the division into species and groups is not only the timing of flowering, but also the shape of flowers, petals, and even color.
Groups of tulips by flowering time
Some varieties bloom very early, others show their beauty in late spring. It is these indicators that make it possible to divide all plants into three groups:
The simplest botanical tulips are singled out as a special group. These are undersized varieties that have small flowers, but a very bright varied color.
Early varieties of tulips are divided into two main classes.
Grade 1 — these are simple early tulips. Known to all low plants that have flaunted for many decades in the flowerbeds of parks and in the yards of apartment buildings. Plants no more than 40 cm in height, but a strong peduncle perfectly withstands a flower in any weather. Petals are red, yellow, variegated. Some varieties are purple in color. The peculiarity lies in the ability of the flower to open in sunny weather and return the petals to a goblet-shaped flower before rain and closer to sunset.
Grade 2 — these are terry varieties of tulips with a double number of petals. The flowers often resemble a rose. Unlike simple forms, terry forms become more attractive and voluminous when the whisk is fully opened. The height of most plants is up to 30 cm, so they are used more often for landscape design and mixborders. Bouquets from them are low, albeit very bright and spectacular.
Medium blooming tulips
These tulips are more varied. The group also contains two main classes, but what! Their amazing coloring of the petals is impressive and delightful.
Grade 3 — these are Triumph tulips. One of the most popular and diverse species, recognized by all flower growers and landscape designers. The ability to choose snow-white, variegated and even maroon, almost black varieties gives unlimited prospects in the design of a spring flower garden. This is one of the best cut varieties. The height of the peduncle is up to 70 cm, and the flower itself is up to 14 cm. The main thing is that the flower remains an elegant shape for a very long time, the petals fully open only 10-14 days after the start of flowering. A strong peduncle makes it possible to use all varieties in landscape design, but it is better to choose a place protected from strong winds.
Grade 4 — these are Darwin hybrid tulips. Amazingly beautiful varieties, predominantly with red and yellow petals. Violet color among them is impossible to find. The special shape of the petals makes the flower heavier at the base and thin and graceful at the top. These flowers are beautiful as a cut flower, but in hot weather the flowers open completely. Someone considers this an undeniable advantage, someone a disadvantage, but the beauty of Darwin hybrids is undeniable.
Late varieties of tulips
The most diverse group, combining magnificent plants with a classic and unusual shape and color of the petals. It combines five groups at once:
Grade 5 — these are simple late tulips. A huge variety of palette of petals: from snow-white to almost black, purple and lilac shades, variegated coloring is delightful. Plant height is average, about 65 cm, peduncles are very strong, flowers are large. Among all the variety, you can find many-flowered forms, in which the stem has lateral branches. One plant can bloom from 3 to 6 flowers or more.
Grade 6 — these are lily-colored tulips. The flowers really resemble the shape of the corollas of an oriental beauty. Each petal is strongly arched, has a thin graceful tip. Breeders have created varieties with a wide variety of colors. Their flowering occurs in the second half of May, almost immediately after the Darwin hybrids.
Grade 7 — these are fringed tulips. They can be simple, terry and even lily-colored. The edge of each petal is covered with a thin dense fringe, often of contrasting color. Flowers always look voluminous, very beautiful not only in the open field, but also in bouquets. Flowering lasts more than two weeks.
Grade 9 is a small group with very bright variegated petals. They have their own specifics. It is impossible to determine whether plants are infected with a dangerous variegation virus or not, so many flower growers have completely abandoned their cultivation.
Grade 10 is parrot tulips. Their petals are intricately curved, the edges are strongly wavy, corrugated. The combination of three or more flowers on one petal makes the flower bright, really like a tropical bird. Bouquets from them are unusual. They are not suitable for all festive events, so these tulips are often grown to decorate the site.
Separately, we can mention the charming green-colored tulips, which belong to the 11th class. Their modest flowers in restrained colors are perfect for decorating a site in the style of nature garden, country. The main color of the petals at the base of the glass is light green, only the edges can be white or yellowish.
Peony tulips are so unusual that at first glance it is difficult to determine the type of plant. Only large dense classic leaves give out belonging. The flower has a completely unconventional shape, it looks more like a chic peony, and the size is appropriate. Each corolla has up to 30 or more petals, and their shape can be oval or pointed, as well as with uneven, often slightly “torn” edges. The flower is very dense, the color is from white to red, purple and even yellowish. The outer petals may be green or bright. Single-color and two-color petals look equally impressive. They are so diverse that it is difficult to say which variety is more beautiful.
Having detailed information about the variety, it is easier to create the most beautiful composition, which will continue to bloom all spring.