Bulb flowers in pots
Imagine — a snowstorm is blowing outside the window, and on your windowsill … delicate crocuses or cute muscari in a pot are blooming! Let’s not deceive you with false hopes: forcing bulbs at home is not a couple of trifles. However, if you set a goal and approach the cultivation of your favorite flowers competently, then it is quite possible to surround yourself with spring beauty in winter frosts. All the secrets for growing primroses in the cold season are in this article.
Choosing bulbous flowers for growing at home
For winter forcing, it is better to opt for flowers with a short awakening period — otherwise you can simply not wait for flowering. Small-bulbous ones are perfect for this purpose: crocuses, pushkinias, muscari, hionodoxes, daffodils. It is also possible to grow tulips in a pot at home, but undersized varieties should be preferred. If you want to please yourself in winter with hyacinths, then choose small-flowered varieties.
If you are not an experienced grower, then in order not to make a mistake, just buy bulbs marked «for forcing.» You can also choose varieties with the earliest flowering. For the first time, it is better to try to grow crocuses — they are as simple as possible in distillation.
Observe the timing of planting bulbs
Flowering bulbs can be scheduled for certain dates. So you can give your loved ones, for example, tulips in a pot, for a specific holiday. Approximate timing would look like this:
- New Year — landing in late August-September;
- March 8 — we plant bulbs in late October-November;
- Easter — we start distillation in October-November.
If the timing is not important, and you are just growing flowers for yourself, then start forcing from the end of August to mid-December. Do not forget that the flowers after planting need a dormant period of about 2 months, so you should not wait for the immediate growth of plants. If you are not ready for a long wait, then maybe it will be easier for you to buy muscari in a pot?
Distillation of muscari at home in a pot and other bulbs: preparation of planting material
If you want to grow daffodils and other bulbs at home, then you need to take the preparation of planting material seriously. Inspect the bulbs for planting: they should be heavy, even, large enough. Rot, cracks, visual damage are unacceptable!
Next, you need to get rid of the dry husks and disinfect the bulbs. The good old dark pink solution of potassium permanganate is ideal for this purpose. Dip the planting material into it for 20-30 minutes, no more.
Soil and containers for distillation
As for the soil, a mixture of 4 parts of acidic sphagnum peat and 1 tsp of sand is ideal for growing tulips at home in a pot. You can also just buy a ready-made substrate specifically for bulbs. At the same time, there should be 1-2 cm of a drainage layer at the bottom of the tank (for example, expanded clay or broken glass). If you take soil from the beds, do not forget to disinfect it, and also mix it with peat and sand. The soil is poured into the pot so that there is a space of 2 fingers to its edges. Do not completely cover the bulbs with earth!
A beautiful planter is, of course, very important, but the functionality of the container is much more important for the health of flowers. At home, hyacinths and other bulbs should be grown in pots that meet the following requirements:
- have a drainage hole at the bottom;
- wide throat and smooth inner walls;
- height accommodates at least three bulbs stacked on top of each other.
Bulbs can be planted either singly or in groups. However, there must be at least 1 cm of soil between the planting material. Otherwise, stagnation of water and rotting of plants is possible.
Growing daffodils at home in a pot — important subtleties
Before you grow daffodils (and other bulbous ones) at home, you will have to «baby» with these flowers a little. After planting, the plants need a dormant period — water the soil, put a bag on the pot and transfer your “child” to a dark, cold place with an air temperature of + 5 + 7 ° С. Every 3-5 days, ventilate the plantings, if the soil is dry, slightly moisten.
After about 12-14 weeks, the plants will «wake up». Tulips may need up to 22 weeks before the start of «spring». When sprouts reach 3-4 cm, move the plants to a bright room, but avoid direct sunlight for now. You can organize something like a filter for plants using a paper bag or sheets of paper.
Care of seedlings and adult bulbs
Caring for sprouted plants is not that difficult. Water the flowers when the soil dries out. Do not place pots next to batteries. Primroses will feel good at a temperature of 20 degrees and high humidity. The first buds should be expected in about 3-5 weeks after transferring them to a warm place.
Flowering hyacinths and muscari in a pot also do not require special care, although special dressings can be used to prolong flowering. When the inflorescences fade, you need to reduce watering. If the leaves are completely yellowed — it’s time to dig up the bulbs and put them away for storage. It is better to repeat the next distillation after 2 years.