Modern blackberries are not what they used to be. And this is great, because new varieties tolerate low temperatures well and do not suffer from diseases. Blackberry, nevertheless, remains a finicky plant, for planting and caring for which you should follow some rules. They will be discussed in this article.
All about planting blackberries
To begin with, we clarify that all new blackberry varieties are self-fertile. This frees the grower from searching for suitable varieties and simplifies planting. However, to increase yields, it is recommended to plant several varieties at once.
The shrub needs light and the absence of drafts. The first condition is easy to satisfy if
The blackberry is a sun-loving plant, so well-lit places are suitable for planting. Take care also of protection from cold winds and drafts (this task can be performed by a fence or trees).
Blackberries are picky about the soil in which they are planted. It needs well-drained loamy soil. Acidity should be low, fertility — high.
Also, before planting, ask about the level of groundwater in your area. The distance from it to the roots of blackberries should be at least 2 m.
- The depth and width of the landing pit is calculated relative to the earthen coma. The pit should be three times its size.
- The distance between the pits of one row should be about 2.5 m.
- It is also recommended to add peat, phosphorus or other fertilizer to the soil before planting.
- Blackberries are placed in a pre-watered hole and filled with fresh earth. They try not to cover the root neck by more than 7 cm.
- We water the soil around the seedling and cover it with a layer of mulch (peat, sawdust).
Trimming and pinching
The bulk of the blackberry crop is produced by lateral shoots. Therefore, they need to be pinched when they grow 100 cm.
Only injured and unhealthy shoots are subject to full pruning. This procedure is carried out in the spring, when the shelter is removed and the number of branches damaged during the winter is estimated.
Blackberry shoots tend to bend towards the ground. To prevent them, they install a support nearby — a trellis. What it looks like: 2 columns on either side of the plant, between the tops of which a wire or crossbar is stretched from any other material. The height of the trellis depends on the height of the plant. For a one and a half meter blackberry, a meter trellis is enough. For a plant with a height of 2.5 m, a two-meter support is installed.
Blackberries do not tolerate both the lack of moisture and its excess. Therefore, we recommend watering in this way: water abundantly, but only when the earth is completely dry. Mulch will help keep the soil moist longer.
Despite the fact that blackberries love light, excessive solar activity (as on the hottest days of summer, for example) harms the plant and berries by baking them. This problem is solved with the help of a shading net, spunbond or other materials that will protect the blackberry from the scorching sun.
Preparing for the winter
Although modern blackberry varieties are highly frost-resistant, most gardeners cover young plants just in case.
Shelter is carried out according to the following scheme: the seedling is covered with a plastic box from citrus fruits, on which a film, roofing felt or other covering material is thrown.
Adult plants are tied in bunches, bent to the ground and covered with spruce branches or burlap. To prevent the branches from stretching into a vertical position, they are pressed with something heavy.
Blackberries have the same diseases as raspberries. These are rust, anthracnose and stem cancer. To avoid these diseases, only healthy, tested planting material and uncontaminated soil should be used. Rust and anthracnose are treated by spraying in early spring. To do this, you need a bucket of water:
- vitriol — 300 g;
- lime — 300 g;
When the plants begin to bloom, they can also be sprayed with 1% Bordeaux liquid.
Becker has been pleasing its customers for many years with a wide selection of not only blackberry and blackberry seedlings of various varieties!
Author: Natalia Palamarchuk