Begonia is one of the most unpretentious and at the same time extremely beautiful plants. And all thanks to its lush bright inflorescences and extraordinary leaves.
How to propagate begonia at home
The most popular type of begonia among indoor flowers is the decorative and deciduous flowering begonia, which is propagated using tubers.
Depending on the species, begonia can be propagated in several ways at once:
- seed method;
- with the help of cuttings;
- dividing the bush;
- and, in fact, tubers.
Sowing begins in early March in a container, after which the seedlings are covered with glass. When watering use a sprayer. When the 3rd true leaf appears, the first pick is carried out, after another 2 months — the second. As soon as the seedlings get stronger, they are planted in pots. Suitable for ever flowering begonias.
A shoot with 3 leaves is dipped into water to obtain roots. Or they treat the cut points with charcoal and plant them in a pot with moist soil and a temperature of 21 C.
By dividing the bush
The bush, along with the root system, is cut into pieces. The place of the cut is treated with coal and planted in pots. Suitable only for bush type of begonia.
First, the tubers are placed in a damp cloth until sprouts appear. After that, the tubers are planted in pots so that its upper part is on the surface. Leave the begonia in a well-lit place with high humidity at a temperature of 16 C.
cutting the rhizome
To do this, the rhizome is cut (in such a way that there are buds on each part), and the place of the cut is sprinkled with crushed coal. Then planted in pots or boxes.
Planting begonias consists of three main steps:
- Selection of pots. The most suitable are ceramic pots. Their volume should be 4 cm more than the root system of the seedling. In the future, this will help to avoid stagnation of moisture and rotting of the roots.
- Soil preparation. A mixture of leafy soil, sand, peat and humus is well suited for begonias. You can also buy ready-made soil. The main thing at this stage is disinfection by steaming this mixture for 30 minutes in a rag bag on a steam bath.
- Planting begonias. Drainage is laid out in prepared pots, and a layer of charcoal is placed on top. After that, the plant is placed and a little sprinkled with soil. After planting, the begonia is well watered.
Important! The best time to plant begonias is March.
Begonia flowers all year round. But during the period of active flowering, it is desirable to remove some flowers in order to avoid depletion of the plant.
Begonia is fed regularly (1 time in 12 days in the evening), using special fertilizers: «Begonia», «Good Force».
Begonia loves high moisture, so you need to water with settled water often and under the root, avoiding water on the leaves. In summer, watering is done twice a week, and in extreme heat — every day. In autumn and winter, watering is reduced as the soil dries up and is needed.
Important! To keep the high humidity, use pallets with wet expanded clay or moss.
Begonia care in winter
In winter, begonia goes into a dormant state, so in no case should it be transplanted, and watering should also be reduced.
Small tubers (up to 1 year old) are stored in a cool place, watered periodically. For example, they can be placed in a plastic bag and left in the refrigerator.
In the spring, when the first sprouts appear, the tubers can be planted in pots.
If you decide to acquire this ever-flowering beauty, then our catalog of high-quality and diverse seeds will help you with this.
Article author: Oksana Vysochanska