Autumn planting of roses: the secrets of successful rooting

The rose, although it is the queen of flowers, is not so demanding. Easily takes root, gratefully responds to care and attention. The main thing is to plant it at the right time so that it takes root well. Autumn planting is favorable for all deciduous plants, and the rose is no exception. In spring, it can be planted even with large shoots and buds. She will survive with the right care. Autumn planting of roses is limited only by the timing, otherwise it practically does not differ from spring.

Planting roses in autumn

Seedlings with a closed root system can be planted at any time, but no later than 3-4 weeks before the onset of winter. This time is enough for the plant to take root. Seedlings with an open root system are planted from the end of August, when the scorching heat subsides and planting continues until the end of October. If planted late in the ground, they are dug in an inclined position in trenches 40 cm deep. It is desirable that there is a greenhouse above the trench, but in any case, a reliable shelter is made of spruce branches, straw or peat, covered with a layer of agrofiber on top. In winter, a thick layer of snow is thrown over everything.

Choosing a place for planting roses in open ground

The choice of location is of great importance. Most roses have dense large flowers that are damaged if they are exposed to large amounts of water. That is why it is necessary to abandon the place where water flows from the roof or from the crown of tall trees.

Shady areas should also be avoided. When choosing a location, please note that it must meet the following requirements:

  • Good illumination of the site, light penumbra is possible.
  • The occurrence of groundwater is not closer than 70 cm.
  • The complete absence of stagnation of melt water and accumulation of water after rain.
  • Absence of closely growing plants with a dense crown.
  • The rose bush needs good ventilation. Almost all varieties and species are prone to the appearance of fungal diseases. The most dangerous of them is powdery mildew. It develops rapidly and is able to kill plants in a matter of days. One of the factors contributing to its appearance is the thickening of the bush and planting in the immediate vicinity of plants that can completely close the rose from the wind.

    Landing hole and soil

    The size of the landing pit depends on the soil on the site. For heavy clay and sandy soil, you will need a large pit, at least 70X70 cm in size, 60-70 cm deep. For fertile loam, 40X40 cm is enough. grew and bloomed profusely.

    Rose loves slightly acidic soil. That is why in areas with limestone, clay and just an alkaline soil reaction, a complete replacement of the soil in the planting pit will be required. The following mixture for planting rose seedlings would be ideal:

  • 1 part manure or compost.
  • 3 parts of garden or sod land.
  • 1 part peat.
  • 1 part coarse sand.
  • All these components must be mixed very well. When planting after leaf fall, it is not necessary to add potassium-phosphorus fertilizers. If there are still leaves, then fertilizers must be added. This will help set the flower buds.

    It is advisable to prepare everything for planting in advance so that the soil is slightly compacted. If this is not possible, the soil mixture should be lightly compacted so that there are no air cavities.

    What is drainage for?

    Pebbles, broken bricks or crushed stone are laid at the bottom of the pit with a layer of 8-12 cm. This is necessary so that in case of prolonged rains or during snowmelt, water does not linger around the roots. This is especially true in wet areas. If the choice of material for drainage is limited, you can use whatever is at hand. Broken glass, pieces of slate, plastic, expanded clay. The main thing is that the material used does not cake, does not collapse under the influence of moisture and does not emit substances toxic to the plant. Do not use metal objects, scraps and fragments. Under the influence of moisture, oxides are formed that can change the acidity of the soil and cause the death or disease of the rose.

    How to prepare and plant a rose seedling

    There are two types of seedlings: with a closed root system and with an open one. In any case, they need to be well «drink» before landing. To do this, a container with a rose or a seedling is simply placed in water for 12-24 hours.

    Before planting, seedlings with an open root system are examined, all damaged roots are cut off, long ones are shortened to 20-25 cm. Then they are soaked in a root growth stimulator according to the instructions. At the bottom of the pit, on top of the drainage layer, a mound is made of fertile soil, a plant is placed in the center. The roots are straightened to the sides, sprinkled with earth. It remains to water well so that there are no air bubbles in the soil. 1 bush will require 10-20 liters of water.

    Seedlings with a closed root system are carefully removed from the container, trying to save a clod of earth. It is placed in a small depression in the center of the planting hole, sprinkled with nutrient soil on all sides and watered well.

    The root collar or grafting site must be deepened by 5 cm. The edges of the pit are left 3-5 cm higher to make it convenient to water. After planting, the soil surface must be mulched to prevent the soil from drying out and create an obstacle to the growth of weeds. After planting, be sure to maintain soil moisture until the onset of cold weather, gradually reducing the frequency of watering.

    No need to cover the rose early. In heat with poor ventilation, rotting of the shoots can begin. When the air temperature is close to zero, all roses, not only planted this year, are covered with spruce branches or covered with peat or sawdust. On top of loose or loose materials, you can lay roofing felt, a piece of slate, plastic wrap or any other material to protect the rose from melt water. It is especially important that during the winter thaws, under such a coverlet, the shoots remain dry.

    Important! The shelter must not be airtight! A waterproof layer is laid on top, and ventilation holes are left on the sides. Note

    Before planting a rose in the ground, consider the peculiarity of the species. The weavers need support. If it is not possible to install an arch, they are planted near a fence, gazebo or wall. It is reasonable to place miniature varieties in the foreground of tall trees and shrubs; tall park roses can become the center of a composition or a hedge.


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